cyclonedds package from cyclonedds repo

cyclonedds

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 0.7.0
License Eclipse Public License 2.0
Build type CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version releases/0.7.x
Last Updated 2020-09-03
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project.

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Eclipse Foundation, Inc.

Authors

No additional authors.

Eclipse Cyclone DDS

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project (see eclipse-cyclone-dds) with a growing list of adopters (if you're one of them, please add your logo). It is a tier-1 middleware for the Robot Operating System ROS 2.

Getting Started

Building Eclipse Cyclone DDS

In order to build Cyclone DDS you need a Linux, Mac or Windows 10 machine (or, with some caveats, a *BSD, OpenIndiana or a Solaris 2.6 one) with the following installed on your host:

  • C compiler (most commonly GCC on Linux, Visual Studio on Windows, Xcode on macOS);
  • GIT version control system;
  • CMake, version 3.7 or later;
  • OpenSSL, preferably version 1.1 or later if you want to use TLS over TCP. You can explicitly disable it by setting ENABLE_SSL=NO, which is very useful for reducing the footprint or when the FindOpenSSL CMake script gives you trouble;
  • Java JDK, version 8 or later, e.g., OpenJDK;
  • Apache Maven, version 3.5 or later.

On Ubuntu apt install maven default-jdk should do the trick for getting Java and Maven installed, and the rest should already be there. On Windows, installing chocolatey and choco install git cmake openjdk maven should get you a long way. On macOS, brew install maven cmake and downloading and installing the JDK is easiest.

The only Java-based component is the IDL preprocessor. The run-time libraries are pure C code, so there is no need to have Java available on "target" machines. If desired, it is possible to do a build without Java or Maven installed by defining BUILD_IDLC=NO, but that effectively only gets you the core library. For the current ROS 2 RMW layer, that is sufficient.

To obtain Eclipse Cyclone DDS, do

$ git clone https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
$ cd cyclonedds
$ mkdir build

Depending on whether you want to develop applications using Cyclone DDS or contribute to it you can follow different procedures

For application developers

To build and install the required libraries needed to develop your own applications using Cyclone DDS requires a few simple steps. There are some small differences between Linux and macOS on the one hand, and Windows on the other. For Linux or macOS:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

and for Windows:

$ cd build
$ cmake -G "<generator-name>" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

where you should replace <install-location> by the directory under which you would like to install Cyclone DDS and <generator-name> by one of the ways CMake generators offer for generating build files. For example, "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" would target a 64-bit build using Visual Studio 2017.

To install it after a successful build, do:

$ cmake --build . --target install

which will copy everything to:

  • <install-location>/lib
  • <install-location>/bin
  • <install-location>/include/ddsc
  • <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS

Depending on the installation location you may need administrator privileges.

At this point you are ready to use Eclipse Cyclone DDS in your own projects.

Note that the default build type is a release build with debug information included (RelWithDebInfo), which is generally the most convenient type of build to use from applications because of a good mix between performance and still being able to debug things. If you'd rather have a Debug or pure Release build, set CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE accordingly.

Contributing to Eclipse Cyclone DDS

We very much welcome all contributions to the project, whether that is questions, examples, bug fixes, enhancements or improvements to the documentation, or anything else really. When considering contributing code, it might be good to know that build configurations for Travis CI and AppVeyor are present in the repository and that there is a test suite using CTest and CUnit that can be built locally if desired. To build it, set the cmake variable BUILD_TESTING to on when configuring, e.g.:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DBUILD_TESTING=ON ..
$ cmake --build .
$ ctest

Such a build requires the presence of CUnit. You can install this yourself, or you can choose to instead rely on the Conan packaging system that the CI build infrastructure also uses. In that case, install Conan and do:

$ conan install .. --build missing

in the build directory prior to running cmake.

The CUnit Conan package is hosted in the Bincrafters Bintray repository. In case this repository was not added to your Conan remotes list yet (and the above mentioned install command failed because it could not find the CUnit package), you can add the Bintray repository by:

$ conan remote add <REMOTE> https://api.bintray.com/conan/bincrafters/public-conan

Replace <REMOTE> with a name that identifies the repository (e.g. bincrafters).

For Windows, depending on the generator, you might also need to add switches to select the architecture and build type, e.g., conan install -s arch=x86_64 -s build_type=Debug .. This will automatically download and/or build CUnit (and, at the moment, OpenSSL).

Documentation

The documentation is still rather limited, and at the moment only available in the sources (in the form of restructured text files in docs and Doxygen comments in the header files), or as a PDF. The intent is to automate the process of building the documentation and have them available in more convenient formats and in the usual locations.

Building and Running the Roundtrip Example

We will show you how to build and run an example program that measures latency. The examples are built automatically when you build Cyclone DDS, so you don't need to follow these steps to be able to run the program, it is merely to illustrate the process.

$ mkdir roundtrip
$ cd roundtrip
$ cmake <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS/examples/roundtrip
$ cmake --build .

On one terminal start the application that will be responding to pings:

$ ./RoundtripPong

On another terminal, start the application that will be sending the pings:

$ ./RoundtripPing 0 0 0
# payloadSize: 0 | numSamples: 0 | timeOut: 0
# Waiting for startup jitter to stabilise
# Warm up complete.
# Latency measurements (in us)
#             Latency [us]                                   Write-access time [us]       Read-access time [us]
# Seconds     Count   median      min      99%      max      Count   median      min      Count   median      min
    1     28065       17       16       23       87      28065        8        6      28065        1        0
    2     28115       17       16       23       46      28115        8        6      28115        1        0
    3     28381       17       16       22       46      28381        8        6      28381        1        0
    4     27928       17       16       24      127      27928        8        6      27928        1        0
    5     28427       17       16       20       47      28427        8        6      28427        1        0
    6     27685       17       16       26       51      27685        8        6      27685        1        0
    7     28391       17       16       23       47      28391        8        6      28391        1        0
    8     27938       17       16       24       63      27938        8        6      27938        1        0
    9     28242       17       16       24      132      28242        8        6      28242        1        0
   10     28075       17       16       23       46      28075        8        6      28075        1        0

The numbers above were measured on Mac running a 4.2 GHz Intel Core i7 on December 12th 2018. From these numbers you can see how the roundtrip is very stable and the minimal latency is now down to 17 micro-seconds (used to be 25 micro-seconds) on this HW.

Performance

Reliable message throughput is over 1MS/s for very small samples and is roughly 90% of GbE with 100 byte samples, and latency is about 30us when measured using ddsperf between two Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E3-1270 V2 @ 3.50GHz (that's 2012 hardware ...) running Ubuntu 16.04, with the executables built on Ubuntu 18.04 using gcc 7.4.0 for a default (i.e., "RelWithDebInfo") build.

ThroughputThroughput

This is with the subscriber in listener mode, using asynchronous delivery for the throughput test. The configuration is a marginally tweaked out-of-the-box configuration: an increased maximum message size and fragment size, and an increased high-water mark for the reliability window on the writer side. For details, see the scripts directory, the environment details and the throughput and latency data underlying the graphs. These also include CPU usage (throughput and latency) and memory usage.

Configuration

The out-of-the-box configuration should usually be fine, but there are a great many options that can be tweaked by creating an XML file with the desired settings and defining the CYCLONEDDS_URI to point to it. E.g. (on Linux):

$ cat cyclonedds.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<CycloneDDS xmlns="https://cdds.io/config" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="https://cdds.io/config https://raw.githubusercontent.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds/master/etc/cyclonedds.xsd">
    <Domain id="any">
        <General>
            <NetworkInterfaceAddress>auto</NetworkInterfaceAddress>
            <AllowMulticast>default</AllowMulticast>
            <MaxMessageSize>65500B</MaxMessageSize>
            <FragmentSize>4000B</FragmentSize>
        </General>
        <Internal>
            <Watermarks>
                <WhcHigh>500kB</WhcHigh>
            </Watermarks>
        </Internal>
        <Tracing>
            <Verbosity>config</Verbosity>
            <OutputFile>stdout</OutputFile>
        </Tracing>
    </Domain>
</CycloneDDS>
$ export CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://$PWD/cyclonedds.xml

(on Windows, one would have to use set CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://... instead.)

This example shows a few things:

  • NetworkInterfaceAddress can be used to override the interface selected by default (you can use the address or the interface name). Proper use of multiple network interfaces simultaneously will come, but is not there yet.
  • AllowMulticast configures the circumstances under which multicast will be used. If the selected interface doesn't support it, it obviously won't be used (false); but if it does support it, the type of the network adapter determines the default value. For a wired network, it will use multicast for initial discovery as well as for data when there are multiple peers that the data needs to go to (true); but on a WiFi network it will use it only for initial discovery (spdp), because multicast on WiFi is very unreliable.
  • Verbosity allows control over the tracing, "config" dumps the configuration to the trace output (which defaults to "cyclonedds.log"). Which interface is used, what multicast settings are used, etc., is all in the trace. Setting the verbosity to "finest" gives way more output on the inner workings, and there are various other levels as well.
  • MaxMessageSize and FragmentSize control the maximum size of the RTPS messages (basically the size of the UDP payload), and the size of the fragments into which very large samples get split (which needs to be "a bit" less). Large values such as these typically improve performance over the (current) default values.
  • WhcHigh determines when the sender will wait for acknowledgements from the readers because it has buffered too much unacknowledged data. There is some auto-tuning, the (current) default value is a bit small to get really high throughput.

Background information on configuring Cyclone DDS can be found here and a list of settings is available.

Trademarks

  • "Eclipse Cyclone DDS" and "Cyclone DDS" are trademarks of the Eclipse Foundation.

  • "DDS" is a trademark of the Object Management Group, Inc.

  • "ROS" is a trademark of Open Source Robotics Foundation, Inc.

CHANGELOG

Changelog for Eclipse Cyclone DDS

Unreleased

V0.7.0 (2020-08-06) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This release brings support for the DDS Security 1.1 specification:authentication, access control and encryption. It also provides significant performance improvements with large samples, by better scheduling of retransmit requests and by avoiding the occasional excessive latency caused by dropping the heartbeat rate too soon.

One can choose to build Cyclone DDS without support for DDS Security if one wants to reduce the size of the resulting library. The default plug-ins are built only if security is enabled and OpenSSL is available, as those are implemented using the cryptographic operations and I/O primitives for handling certificates and exchanging keys that OpenSSL provides. If one chooses to exclude security support from the build, setting any security related property or adding it to the configuration files will result in participant creation failing with a \"precondition not met\" error.

A lot of effort has gone into testing and checking that malformed or unexpected messages are handled correctly, that message authentication codes are checked and that no data never goes out unencrypted by accident. Still, it is only prudent to assume the existence of vulnerabilities.

Noteworthy bug fixes:

  • DATA_AVAILABLE was not always triggered when by a dispose and sometimes triggered in the absence of an observable state change (arrival of a dispose for an already-disposed instance where the dispose had not yet been read);
  • Restores functionality of the \"raw ethernet\" mode as well as IPv6 with link-local addresses, both accidentally broken in 0.6.0;
  • Fixes a crash in processing endpoint discovery data containing unrecognised locator kinds;
  • Fixes type conversion for local historical data (e.g., mixed use of ROS 2 C/C++ type supports in combination with transient-local endpoints within a single process);
  • Fixes a use-after-free of \"lease\" objects with manual-by-topic writers;
  • Mark instance as \"alive\" in the reader history and generate an invalid sample to notify the application even if the sample itself is dropped because the same or a later one is present already (e.g., on reconnecting to a transient-local writer);
  • Fix a crash when doing an instance lookup on a built-in topic using the key value;
  • No longer auto-dispose instances as soon as some registered writer disappears, instead do it only when all of them have unregistered it;
  • Fix performance of read_instance and take_instance by performing a proper instance lookup.

V0.6.0 (2020-05-21) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  • Support for mixed-language programming by supporting multiple (de)serializers for a single topic in a single process. This way, a program that consists of, say, C and C++ can use a different representation of the data in C than in C++. Before, all readers/writers in the process would be forced to use the same representation (or perform an additional copy). Currently C is still the only natively supported language, but one can use an evolving-but-reasonable-stable interface to implement different mappings.
  • Improved QoS support: full support for deadline, lifespan and liveliness. The first is for generating notifications when a configured instance update rate is not achieved, the second for automatically removing stale samples, the third for different modes of monitoring the liveliness of peers.
  • Improved scalability in matching readers and writers. Before it used to try matching a new local or remote reader or writer with all known local & remote entities, now only with the right group with the correct topic name.
  • Improved tracing: discovery data is now printed properly and user samples have more type information allowing floating-point and signed numbers to be traced in a more readable form.
  • Extension of platform support
    • Known to work on FreeBSD, CheriBSD
    • Known to work with the musl C library
  • Windows-specific changes
    • Fixes multicasts to addresses also used by non-Cyclone processes (caused by accidentally linking with an old sockets library)
    • Correct handling of non-English network interface names

0.5.1 (2020-03-11)

An interim tag for the benefit of ROS2

  • Enable QOS features: liveliness, lifespan, deadline
  • Fix issues on Windows where multicast data was not received

V0.5.0 (2019-11-21)

This is the fist release candidate for the long overdue second release of Eclipse Cyclone DDS. We are updating the version number from 0.1 to 0.5 to make up for the lack of more timely releases and to reflect that progress towards a 1.0 release (a minimum profile DDS implementation + DDS security) has been more significant than a version of \"0.2\" would suggest.

Updates since the first release have been legion, pretty much without impact on application code or interoperatbility on the network. Some of the highlights:

  • Support for ROS2 Dashing and Eloquent (via an adaption layer).
  • Support for an arbitrary number of concurrent DDS domains (fully independent instantiations of DDS) in a single process.
  • Abstracting the notion of samples, types and reader history caches, allowing overriding the default implementations of these to get behaviours more suited to the applications. This is particularly relevant to language bindings and embedding Cyclone DDS in other frameworks, such as ROS2.
  • Platform support is extended beyond the usual Linux/Windows/macOS: FreeRTOS is now known to work, as is Solaris 2.6 on sun4m machines.
  • Acceptance of some malformed messages from certain implementations improved interoperability on the wire.

Limitations on backwards compatibility:

  • A change in how implicitly created \"publisher\" and \"subscriber\" entities are handled: they now never lose their \"implicitness\", and in consequence, are now deleted when their last child disappears rather than deleted when their one child disappears.
  • The set of entities that can be attached to a waitset is now restricted to those owned by the parent of the waitset, before one was allowed to attach entities from different participants to the same waitset, which is tantamount to a bug.
  • A participant entity now has a parent. The \"get_parent\" operation no longer returns 0 for a participant because of the addition of two additional levels to the entity hierarchy: a domain, possibly containing multiple participants; and one that represents the entire library.
  • The data from a reader for a built-in topic has been extended, breaking binary compatibility.

V0.1.0 (2019-03-06)

Eclipse Cyclone DDS' first release!

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

Source Tutorials

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Package Dependencies

Deps Name
0 python3-breathe

System Dependencies

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Recent questions tagged cyclonedds at answers.ros.org

cyclonedds package from cyclonedds repo

cyclonedds

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 0.5.1
License Eclipse Public License 2.0
Build type CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version releases/0.5.x
Last Updated 2020-03-12
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project.

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Eclipse Foundation, Inc.

Authors

No additional authors.

Eclipse Cyclone DDS

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project (see eclipse-cyclone-dds).

Getting Started

Building Eclipse Cyclone DDS

In order to build Cyclone DDS you need a Linux, Mac or Windows 10 machine (or, with some caveats, an OpenIndiana one or a Solaris 2.6 one) with the following installed on your host:

  • C compiler (most commonly GCC on Linux, Visual Studio on Windows, Xcode on macOS);
  • GIT version control system;
  • CMake, version 3.7 or later;
  • OpenSSL, preferably version 1.1 or later if you want to use TLS over TCP. You can explicitly disable it by setting ENABLE_SSL=NO, which is very useful for reducing the footprint or when the FindOpenSSL CMake script gives you trouble;
  • Java JDK, version 8 or later, e.g., OpenJDK;
  • Apache Maven, version 3.5 or later.

On Ubuntu apt install maven default-jdk should do the trick for getting Java and Maven installed, and the rest should already be there. On Windows, installing chocolatey and choco install git cmake openjdk maven should get you a long way. On macOS, brew install maven cmake and downloading and installing the JDK is easiest.

The Java-based components are the preprocessor and a configurator tool. The run-time libraries are pure C code, so there is no need to have Java available on "target" machines. If desired, it is possible to do a build without Java or Maven installed by defining BUILD_IDLC=NO, but that effectively only gets you the core library. For the current ROS2 RMW layer, that is sufficient.

To obtain Eclipse Cyclone DDS, do

$ git clone https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
$ cd cyclonedds
$ mkdir build

Depending on whether you want to develop applications using Cyclone DDS or contribute to it you can follow different procedures

For application developers

To build and install the required libraries needed to develop your own applications using Cyclone DDS requires a few simple steps. There are some small differences between Linux and macOS on the one hand, and Windows on the other. For Linux or macOS:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

and for Windows:

$ cd build
$ cmake -G "<generator-name>" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

where you should replace <install-location> by the directory under which you would like to install Cyclone DDS and <generator-name> by one of the ways CMake generators offer for generating build files. For example, "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" would target a 64-bit build using Visual Studio 2017.

To install it after a successful build, do:

$ cmake --build . --target install

which will copy everything to:

  • <install-location>/lib
  • <install-location>/bin
  • <install-location>/include/ddsc
  • <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS

Depending on the installation location you may need administrator privileges.

At this point you are ready to use Eclipse Cyclone DDS in your own projects.

Note that the default build type is a release build with debug information included (RelWithDebInfo), which is generally the most convenient type of build to use from applications because of a good mix between performance and still being able to debug things. If you'd rather have a Debug or pure Release build, set CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE accordingly.

Contributing to Eclipse Cyclone DDS

We very much welcome all contributions to the project, whether that is questions, examples, bug fixes, enhancements or improvements to the documentation, or anything else really. When considering contributing code, it might be good to know that build configurations for Travis CI and AppVeyor are present in the repository and that there is a test suite using CTest and CUnit that can be built locally if desired. To build it, set the cmake variable BUILD_TESTING to on when configuring, e.g.:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DBUILD_TESTING=ON ..
$ cmake --build .
$ ctest

Such a build requires the presence of CUnit. You can install this yourself, or you can choose to instead rely on the Conan packaging system that the CI build infrastructure also uses. In that case, install Conan and do:

$ conan install .. --build missing

in the build directory prior to running cmake.

The CUnit Conan package is hosted in the Bincrafters Bintray repository. In case this repository was not added to your Conan remotes list yet (and the above mentioned install command failed because it could not find the CUnit package), you can add the Bintray repository by:

$ conan remote add <REMOTE> https://api.bintray.com/conan/bincrafters/public-conan

Replace <REMOTE> with a name that identifies the repository (e.g. bincrafters).

For Windows, depending on the generator, you might also need to add switches to select the architecture and build type, e.g., conan install -s arch=x86_64 -s build_type=Debug .. This will automatically download and/or build CUnit (and, at the moment, OpenSSL).

Documentation

The documentation is still rather limited, and at the moment only available in the sources (in the form of restructured text files in docs and Doxygen comments in the header files), or as a PDF. The intent is to automate the process of building the documentation and have them available in more convenient formats and in the usual locations.

Building and Running the Roundtrip Example

We will show you how to build and run an example program that measures latency. The examples are built automatically when you build Cyclone DDS, so you don't need to follow these steps to be able to run the program, it is merely to illustrate the process.

$ mkdir roundtrip
$ cd roundtrip
$ cmake <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS/examples/roundtrip
$ cmake --build .

On one terminal start the application that will be responding to pings:

$ ./RoundtripPong

On another terminal, start the application that will be sending the pings:

$ ./RoundtripPing 0 0 0
# payloadSize: 0 | numSamples: 0 | timeOut: 0
# Waiting for startup jitter to stabilise
# Warm up complete.
# Latency measurements (in us)
#             Latency [us]                                   Write-access time [us]       Read-access time [us]
# Seconds     Count   median      min      99%      max      Count   median      min      Count   median      min
    1     28065       17       16       23       87      28065        8        6      28065        1        0
    2     28115       17       16       23       46      28115        8        6      28115        1        0
    3     28381       17       16       22       46      28381        8        6      28381        1        0
    4     27928       17       16       24      127      27928        8        6      27928        1        0
    5     28427       17       16       20       47      28427        8        6      28427        1        0
    6     27685       17       16       26       51      27685        8        6      27685        1        0
    7     28391       17       16       23       47      28391        8        6      28391        1        0
    8     27938       17       16       24       63      27938        8        6      27938        1        0
    9     28242       17       16       24      132      28242        8        6      28242        1        0
   10     28075       17       16       23       46      28075        8        6      28075        1        0

The numbers above were measured on Mac running a 4.2 GHz Intel Core i7 on December 12th 2018. From these numbers you can see how the roundtrip is very stable and the minimal latency is now down to 17 micro-seconds (used to be 25 micro-seconds) on this HW.

Performance

Reliable message throughput is over 1MS/s for very small samples and is roughly 90% of GbE with 100 byte samples, and latency is about 30us when measured using ddsperf between two Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E3-1270 V2 @ 3.50GHz (that's 2012 hardware ...) running Ubuntu 16.04, with the executables built on Ubuntu 18.04 using gcc 7.4.0 for a default (i.e., "RelWithDebInfo") build.

ThroughputThroughput

This is with the subscriber in listener mode, using asynchronous delivery for the throughput test. The configuration is a marginally tweaked out-of-the-box configuration: an increased maximum message size and fragment size, and an increased high-water mark for the reliability window on the writer side. For details, see the scripts directory, the environment details and the throughput and latency data underlying the graphs. These also include CPU usage (thoughput and latency) and memory usage.

Configuration

The out-of-the-box configuration should usually be fine, but there are a great many options that can be tweaked by creating an XML file with the desired settings and defining the CYCLONEDDS_URI to point to it. E.g. (on Linux):

$ cat cyclonedds.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<CycloneDDS xmlns="https://cdds.io/config" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="https://cdds.io/config https://raw.githubusercontent.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds/master/etc/cyclonedds.xsd">
    <Domain id="any">
        <General>
            <NetworkInterfaceAddress>auto</NetworkInterfaceAddress>
            <AllowMulticast>default</AllowMulticast>
            <MaxMessageSize>65500B</MaxMessageSize>
            <FragmentSize>4000B</FragmentSize>
        </General>
        <Internal>
            <Watermarks>
                <WhcHigh>500kB</WhcHigh>
            </Watermarks>
        </Internal>
        <Tracing>
            <Verbosity>config</Verbosity>
            <OutputFile>stdout</OutputFile>
        </Tracing>
    </Domain>
</CycloneDDS>
$ export CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://$PWD/cyclonedds.xml

(on Windows, one would have to use set CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://... instead.)

This example shows a few things:

  • NetworkInterfaceAddress can be used to override the interface selected by default (you can use the address or the interface name). Proper use of multiple network interfaces simultaneously will come, but is not there yet.
  • AllowMulticast configures the circumstances under which multicast will be used. If the selected interface doesn't support it, it obviously won't be used (false); but if it does support it, the type of the network adapter determines the default value. For a wired network, it will use multicast for initial discovery as well as for data when there are multiple peers that the data needs to go to (true); but on a WiFi network it will use it only for initial discovery (spdp), because multicast on WiFi is very unreliable.
  • Verbosity allows control over the tracing, "config" dumps the configuration to the trace output (which defaults to "cyclonedds.log"). Which interface is used, what multicast settings are used, etc., is all in the trace. Setting the verbosity to "finest" gives way more output on the inner workings, and there are various other levels as well.
  • MaxMessageSize and FragmentSize control the maximum size of the RTPS messages (basically the size of the UDP payload), and the size of the fragments into which very large samples get split (which needs to be "a bit" less). Large values such as these typically improve performance over the (current) default values.
  • WhcHigh determines when the sender will wait for acknowledgements from the readers because it has buffered too much unacknowledged data. There is some auto-tuning, the (current) default value is a bit small to get really high throughput.

Background information on configuring Cyclone DDS can be found here and a list of settings is available.

Trademarks

  • "Eclipse Cyclone DDS" and "Cyclone DDS" are trademarks of the Eclipse Foundation.

  • "DDS" is a trademark of the Object Management Group, Inc.

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cyclonedds package from cyclonedds repo

cyclonedds

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 0.5.1
License Eclipse Public License 2.0
Build type CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version releases/0.5.x
Last Updated 2020-03-12
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project.

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Eclipse Foundation, Inc.

Authors

No additional authors.

Eclipse Cyclone DDS

Eclipse Cyclone DDS is a very performant and robust open-source DDS implementation. Cyclone DDS is developed completely in the open as an Eclipse IoT project (see eclipse-cyclone-dds).

Getting Started

Building Eclipse Cyclone DDS

In order to build Cyclone DDS you need a Linux, Mac or Windows 10 machine (or, with some caveats, an OpenIndiana one or a Solaris 2.6 one) with the following installed on your host:

  • C compiler (most commonly GCC on Linux, Visual Studio on Windows, Xcode on macOS);
  • GIT version control system;
  • CMake, version 3.7 or later;
  • OpenSSL, preferably version 1.1 or later if you want to use TLS over TCP. You can explicitly disable it by setting ENABLE_SSL=NO, which is very useful for reducing the footprint or when the FindOpenSSL CMake script gives you trouble;
  • Java JDK, version 8 or later, e.g., OpenJDK;
  • Apache Maven, version 3.5 or later.

On Ubuntu apt install maven default-jdk should do the trick for getting Java and Maven installed, and the rest should already be there. On Windows, installing chocolatey and choco install git cmake openjdk maven should get you a long way. On macOS, brew install maven cmake and downloading and installing the JDK is easiest.

The Java-based components are the preprocessor and a configurator tool. The run-time libraries are pure C code, so there is no need to have Java available on "target" machines. If desired, it is possible to do a build without Java or Maven installed by defining BUILD_IDLC=NO, but that effectively only gets you the core library. For the current ROS2 RMW layer, that is sufficient.

To obtain Eclipse Cyclone DDS, do

$ git clone https://github.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds.git
$ cd cyclonedds
$ mkdir build

Depending on whether you want to develop applications using Cyclone DDS or contribute to it you can follow different procedures

For application developers

To build and install the required libraries needed to develop your own applications using Cyclone DDS requires a few simple steps. There are some small differences between Linux and macOS on the one hand, and Windows on the other. For Linux or macOS:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

and for Windows:

$ cd build
$ cmake -G "<generator-name>" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<install-location> ..
$ cmake --build .

where you should replace <install-location> by the directory under which you would like to install Cyclone DDS and <generator-name> by one of the ways CMake generators offer for generating build files. For example, "Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64" would target a 64-bit build using Visual Studio 2017.

To install it after a successful build, do:

$ cmake --build . --target install

which will copy everything to:

  • <install-location>/lib
  • <install-location>/bin
  • <install-location>/include/ddsc
  • <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS

Depending on the installation location you may need administrator privileges.

At this point you are ready to use Eclipse Cyclone DDS in your own projects.

Note that the default build type is a release build with debug information included (RelWithDebInfo), which is generally the most convenient type of build to use from applications because of a good mix between performance and still being able to debug things. If you'd rather have a Debug or pure Release build, set CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE accordingly.

Contributing to Eclipse Cyclone DDS

We very much welcome all contributions to the project, whether that is questions, examples, bug fixes, enhancements or improvements to the documentation, or anything else really. When considering contributing code, it might be good to know that build configurations for Travis CI and AppVeyor are present in the repository and that there is a test suite using CTest and CUnit that can be built locally if desired. To build it, set the cmake variable BUILD_TESTING to on when configuring, e.g.:

$ cd build
$ cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -DBUILD_TESTING=ON ..
$ cmake --build .
$ ctest

Such a build requires the presence of CUnit. You can install this yourself, or you can choose to instead rely on the Conan packaging system that the CI build infrastructure also uses. In that case, install Conan and do:

$ conan install .. --build missing

in the build directory prior to running cmake.

The CUnit Conan package is hosted in the Bincrafters Bintray repository. In case this repository was not added to your Conan remotes list yet (and the above mentioned install command failed because it could not find the CUnit package), you can add the Bintray repository by:

$ conan remote add <REMOTE> https://api.bintray.com/conan/bincrafters/public-conan

Replace <REMOTE> with a name that identifies the repository (e.g. bincrafters).

For Windows, depending on the generator, you might also need to add switches to select the architecture and build type, e.g., conan install -s arch=x86_64 -s build_type=Debug .. This will automatically download and/or build CUnit (and, at the moment, OpenSSL).

Documentation

The documentation is still rather limited, and at the moment only available in the sources (in the form of restructured text files in docs and Doxygen comments in the header files), or as a PDF. The intent is to automate the process of building the documentation and have them available in more convenient formats and in the usual locations.

Building and Running the Roundtrip Example

We will show you how to build and run an example program that measures latency. The examples are built automatically when you build Cyclone DDS, so you don't need to follow these steps to be able to run the program, it is merely to illustrate the process.

$ mkdir roundtrip
$ cd roundtrip
$ cmake <install-location>/share/CycloneDDS/examples/roundtrip
$ cmake --build .

On one terminal start the application that will be responding to pings:

$ ./RoundtripPong

On another terminal, start the application that will be sending the pings:

$ ./RoundtripPing 0 0 0
# payloadSize: 0 | numSamples: 0 | timeOut: 0
# Waiting for startup jitter to stabilise
# Warm up complete.
# Latency measurements (in us)
#             Latency [us]                                   Write-access time [us]       Read-access time [us]
# Seconds     Count   median      min      99%      max      Count   median      min      Count   median      min
    1     28065       17       16       23       87      28065        8        6      28065        1        0
    2     28115       17       16       23       46      28115        8        6      28115        1        0
    3     28381       17       16       22       46      28381        8        6      28381        1        0
    4     27928       17       16       24      127      27928        8        6      27928        1        0
    5     28427       17       16       20       47      28427        8        6      28427        1        0
    6     27685       17       16       26       51      27685        8        6      27685        1        0
    7     28391       17       16       23       47      28391        8        6      28391        1        0
    8     27938       17       16       24       63      27938        8        6      27938        1        0
    9     28242       17       16       24      132      28242        8        6      28242        1        0
   10     28075       17       16       23       46      28075        8        6      28075        1        0

The numbers above were measured on Mac running a 4.2 GHz Intel Core i7 on December 12th 2018. From these numbers you can see how the roundtrip is very stable and the minimal latency is now down to 17 micro-seconds (used to be 25 micro-seconds) on this HW.

Performance

Reliable message throughput is over 1MS/s for very small samples and is roughly 90% of GbE with 100 byte samples, and latency is about 30us when measured using ddsperf between two Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E3-1270 V2 @ 3.50GHz (that's 2012 hardware ...) running Ubuntu 16.04, with the executables built on Ubuntu 18.04 using gcc 7.4.0 for a default (i.e., "RelWithDebInfo") build.

ThroughputThroughput

This is with the subscriber in listener mode, using asynchronous delivery for the throughput test. The configuration is a marginally tweaked out-of-the-box configuration: an increased maximum message size and fragment size, and an increased high-water mark for the reliability window on the writer side. For details, see the scripts directory, the environment details and the throughput and latency data underlying the graphs. These also include CPU usage (thoughput and latency) and memory usage.

Configuration

The out-of-the-box configuration should usually be fine, but there are a great many options that can be tweaked by creating an XML file with the desired settings and defining the CYCLONEDDS_URI to point to it. E.g. (on Linux):

$ cat cyclonedds.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<CycloneDDS xmlns="https://cdds.io/config" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="https://cdds.io/config https://raw.githubusercontent.com/eclipse-cyclonedds/cyclonedds/master/etc/cyclonedds.xsd">
    <Domain id="any">
        <General>
            <NetworkInterfaceAddress>auto</NetworkInterfaceAddress>
            <AllowMulticast>default</AllowMulticast>
            <MaxMessageSize>65500B</MaxMessageSize>
            <FragmentSize>4000B</FragmentSize>
        </General>
        <Internal>
            <Watermarks>
                <WhcHigh>500kB</WhcHigh>
            </Watermarks>
        </Internal>
        <Tracing>
            <Verbosity>config</Verbosity>
            <OutputFile>stdout</OutputFile>
        </Tracing>
    </Domain>
</CycloneDDS>
$ export CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://$PWD/cyclonedds.xml

(on Windows, one would have to use set CYCLONEDDS_URI=file://... instead.)

This example shows a few things:

  • NetworkInterfaceAddress can be used to override the interface selected by default (you can use the address or the interface name). Proper use of multiple network interfaces simultaneously will come, but is not there yet.
  • AllowMulticast configures the circumstances under which multicast will be used. If the selected interface doesn't support it, it obviously won't be used (false); but if it does support it, the type of the network adapter determines the default value. For a wired network, it will use multicast for initial discovery as well as for data when there are multiple peers that the data needs to go to (true); but on a WiFi network it will use it only for initial discovery (spdp), because multicast on WiFi is very unreliable.
  • Verbosity allows control over the tracing, "config" dumps the configuration to the trace output (which defaults to "cyclonedds.log"). Which interface is used, what multicast settings are used, etc., is all in the trace. Setting the verbosity to "finest" gives way more output on the inner workings, and there are various other levels as well.
  • MaxMessageSize and FragmentSize control the maximum size of the RTPS messages (basically the size of the UDP payload), and the size of the fragments into which very large samples get split (which needs to be "a bit" less). Large values such as these typically improve performance over the (current) default values.
  • WhcHigh determines when the sender will wait for acknowledgements from the readers because it has buffered too much unacknowledged data. There is some auto-tuning, the (current) default value is a bit small to get really high throughput.

Background information on configuring Cyclone DDS can be found here and a list of settings is available.

Trademarks

  • "Eclipse Cyclone DDS" and "Cyclone DDS" are trademarks of the Eclipse Foundation.

  • "DDS" is a trademark of the Object Management Group, Inc.

CHANGELOG
No CHANGELOG found.

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

Source Tutorials

Not currently indexed.

Package Dependencies

No dependencies on ROS packages.

System Dependencies

Dependant Packages

Launch files

No launch files found

Messages

No message files found.

Services

No service files found

Plugins

No plugins found.

Recent questions tagged cyclonedds at answers.ros.org

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