adaptive_component package from adaptive_component repo

adaptive_component

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 0.2.1
License Apache License 2.0
Build type AMENT_CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-acceleration/adaptive_component.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version rolling
Last Updated 2022-04-14
Dev Status DEVELOPED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

A composable container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations. Allows building Nodes that can select between FPGA, CPU or GPU, at run-time. Stateless by default, can be made stateful to meet use-case specific needs. Refer to examples in README. Technically, provides A ROS 2 Node subclass programmed as a "Component" and including its own single threaded executor to build adaptive computations. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes are able to perform computations in the CPU, the FPGA or the GPU, adaptively. Adaptive behavior is controlled through the "adaptive" ROS 2 parameter.

Additional Links

No additional links.

Maintainers

  • Víctor Mayoral Vilches

Authors

  • Víctor Mayoral Vilches

adaptive_component

A composable stateless container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations. Select between FPGA, CPU or GPU at run-time.

Nodes using hardware acceleration are able to perform computations faster relying on FPGAs or GPUs, improving performance. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes leverage hardware acceleration at run-time, allowing robotics engineers to select which computational resource the Node uses on-the-go, giving roboticists a finer-grained control over the resources their computional graphs use in the underlying hardware.

This ROS 2 package provides a composable stateless container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations: adaptive_component. It allows building Nodes that can select between FPGA, CPU or GPU, at run-time.

Technically, it's a ROS 2 Node[^1] subclass programmed as a Component[^2] and including its own single threaded executor to build adaptive computations. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes can then be built easily and are able to perform computations in the CPU, the FPGA or the GPU. Adaptive behavior is controlled through the adaptive ROS 2 parameter, with the following values allowed:

  • 0: Hardware::CPU
  • 1: Hardware::FPGA
  • 2: Hardware::GPU

adaptive_component is stateless by default, if you need your Adaptive Nodes to be stateful, feel free to inherit from composition::AdaptiveComponent and create your own stateful subclasses[^5].

[^1]: A Node is a process that performs computations. ROS 2 is designed to be modular at a fine-grained scale; a robot control system usually comprises many nodes. Nodes execute arbitrary logic that contribute to the overall robotics behavior.

[^2]: A ROS 2 Component is a Node compiled into a shared library which is then loaded at runtime by a container process. This offers roboticists additional flexibility while building their computational graphs, making the layout process a deploy-time decision. A Component is commonly a subclass of rclcpp::Node. To maintain flexibility and modularity, Components shouldn’t perform any long running or blocking tasks in their constructors. Instead, they can use timers to get periodic notifications and use callbacks for publishers, subscribers, servers, or clients.

[^5]: See this example (ROS 2 component).

How does it work?

asciicast

using NodeCPU = composition::DoubleVaddComponent;
using NodeFPGA = composition::DoubleVaddComponentFPGA;

rclcpp::NodeOptions options;

// Create an executor
rclcpp::executors::MultiThreadedExecutor exec;

// Create an adaptive ROS 2 Node using "components", the resulting
// Node is also programed as a "component", retaining composability
auto adaptive_node = std::make_shared<composition::AdaptiveComponent>(
      "doublevadd_publisher_adaptive",        
      options,                                
                                              // CPU
      std::make_shared<NodeCPU>("_doublevadd_publisher_adaptive_cpu", options),
                                              // FPGA
      std::make_shared<NodeFPGA>("_doublevadd_publisher_adaptive_fpga", options),
                                              // GPU
      nullptr);

exec.add_node(adaptive_node);  // fill up the executor
exec.spin();  // spin the executor

Then, dynamically, one could switch from CPU to FPGA by setting the adaptive parameter in the /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive Node: - To run in the CPU: ros2 param set /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive adaptive 0 - To run in the FPGA: ros2 param set /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive adaptive 1

Why should I care as a ROS package maintainer?

The integration of hardware acceleration into ROS often requires rewriting parts of the Node computations to further exploit parallelism. These changes often conflict with CPU-centric architectures and as a maintainer, you're likely to care for "not breaking" CPU-centric implementations.

To consistently integrate hardware acceleration, avoid unnecessary forks and discourage package fragmentation, composition::AdaptiveComponent allows to extend ROS 2 CPU-centric Nodes[^3] with their computational counterparts separating concerns at build-time. From a package-maintenance perspective, each Node (across computation options) is written in a separated file and as a separated Component. These can live either within the same package, or in totally different (disconnected) ones. adaptive_component takes care of putting them together at launch time and no dependency with the package is required at build-time[^4].

From an execution perspective, developers can easily create Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes and compose them together as desired at launch-time, with capabilities to adaptively switch between compute alternatives at run-time.

[^3]: Assumes Nodes are written as components, but it they are not, it's a great chance to do so ;).

[^4]: Though adaptive_component allows to disconnect nodes across packages, to facilitate source code maintenance across CPU-centric implementations and counterparts, it should be encouraged to keep the source code within the same ROS 2 package with suffixes indicating of the compute substrate (e.g. _fpga.cpp, etc.). This will facilitate maintaining implementations across different compute substrates, avoid versioning issues and fragmentation issues.

Some examples

Examples of using adaptive_component:

Conventions and recommendations

The following conventions and recommendations are meant to facilitate the integration of hardware acceleration in existing ROS packages

  1. Component-oriented: AdaptiveComponent is built as a component and should be used as such to maintain composability of Nodes.
  2. Naming: The Adaptive Node should be suffix with _adaptive to identify in the computational graph which Nodes have adaptive capabilities and which do not.
  3. Hidden sub-Nodes: Adaptive Node components (compute-specific ones e.g. CPU's or FPGA's) should be named with a hyphen (_) as a prefix, which will make them hidden Nodes by default.
  4. File names: When possible, source code file names should adhere to the following guidelines:
    • CPU-based computational Nodes can optionally add the _cpu suffix
    • FPGA-based computational Nodes shall add the _fpga suffix
    • GPU-based computational Nodes shall add the _gpu suffix

Quality Declaration

This package claims to be in the Quality Level 4 category, see the Quality Declaration for more details.

CHANGELOG

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Changelog for package adaptive_component ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

0.2.0 (2022-04-13)

  • Release 0.2.0
  • Add extra ament exports
  • Fix links to acceleration_examples
  • Add rclcpp_components dependency
  • Add extra ament exports
  • Add rclcpp_components dependency
  • Add a few examples to README
  • Minor improvements

0.1.0 (2021-11-09)

  • Initial version
  • First examples within acceleration_examples ROS 2 package
  • In-code documentation, README and quality declarations

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

Source Tutorials

Not currently indexed.

Package Dependencies

System Dependencies

No direct system dependencies.

Dependant Packages

No known dependants.

Launch files

No launch files found

Messages

No message files found.

Services

No service files found

Plugins

No plugins found.

Recent questions tagged adaptive_component at answers.ros.org

adaptive_component package from adaptive_component repo

adaptive_component

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 0.2.1
License Apache License 2.0
Build type AMENT_CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-acceleration/adaptive_component.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version rolling
Last Updated 2022-04-14
Dev Status DEVELOPED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

A composable container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations. Allows building Nodes that can select between FPGA, CPU or GPU, at run-time. Stateless by default, can be made stateful to meet use-case specific needs. Refer to examples in README. Technically, provides A ROS 2 Node subclass programmed as a "Component" and including its own single threaded executor to build adaptive computations. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes are able to perform computations in the CPU, the FPGA or the GPU, adaptively. Adaptive behavior is controlled through the "adaptive" ROS 2 parameter.

Additional Links

No additional links.

Maintainers

  • Víctor Mayoral Vilches

Authors

  • Víctor Mayoral Vilches

adaptive_component

A composable stateless container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations. Select between FPGA, CPU or GPU at run-time.

Nodes using hardware acceleration are able to perform computations faster relying on FPGAs or GPUs, improving performance. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes leverage hardware acceleration at run-time, allowing robotics engineers to select which computational resource the Node uses on-the-go, giving roboticists a finer-grained control over the resources their computional graphs use in the underlying hardware.

This ROS 2 package provides a composable stateless container for Adaptive ROS 2 Node computations: adaptive_component. It allows building Nodes that can select between FPGA, CPU or GPU, at run-time.

Technically, it's a ROS 2 Node[^1] subclass programmed as a Component[^2] and including its own single threaded executor to build adaptive computations. Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes can then be built easily and are able to perform computations in the CPU, the FPGA or the GPU. Adaptive behavior is controlled through the adaptive ROS 2 parameter, with the following values allowed:

  • 0: Hardware::CPU
  • 1: Hardware::FPGA
  • 2: Hardware::GPU

adaptive_component is stateless by default, if you need your Adaptive Nodes to be stateful, feel free to inherit from composition::AdaptiveComponent and create your own stateful subclasses[^5].

[^1]: A Node is a process that performs computations. ROS 2 is designed to be modular at a fine-grained scale; a robot control system usually comprises many nodes. Nodes execute arbitrary logic that contribute to the overall robotics behavior.

[^2]: A ROS 2 Component is a Node compiled into a shared library which is then loaded at runtime by a container process. This offers roboticists additional flexibility while building their computational graphs, making the layout process a deploy-time decision. A Component is commonly a subclass of rclcpp::Node. To maintain flexibility and modularity, Components shouldn’t perform any long running or blocking tasks in their constructors. Instead, they can use timers to get periodic notifications and use callbacks for publishers, subscribers, servers, or clients.

[^5]: See this example (ROS 2 component).

How does it work?

asciicast

using NodeCPU = composition::DoubleVaddComponent;
using NodeFPGA = composition::DoubleVaddComponentFPGA;

rclcpp::NodeOptions options;

// Create an executor
rclcpp::executors::MultiThreadedExecutor exec;

// Create an adaptive ROS 2 Node using "components", the resulting
// Node is also programed as a "component", retaining composability
auto adaptive_node = std::make_shared<composition::AdaptiveComponent>(
      "doublevadd_publisher_adaptive",        
      options,                                
                                              // CPU
      std::make_shared<NodeCPU>("_doublevadd_publisher_adaptive_cpu", options),
                                              // FPGA
      std::make_shared<NodeFPGA>("_doublevadd_publisher_adaptive_fpga", options),
                                              // GPU
      nullptr);

exec.add_node(adaptive_node);  // fill up the executor
exec.spin();  // spin the executor

Then, dynamically, one could switch from CPU to FPGA by setting the adaptive parameter in the /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive Node: - To run in the CPU: ros2 param set /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive adaptive 0 - To run in the FPGA: ros2 param set /doublevadd_publisher_adaptive adaptive 1

Why should I care as a ROS package maintainer?

The integration of hardware acceleration into ROS often requires rewriting parts of the Node computations to further exploit parallelism. These changes often conflict with CPU-centric architectures and as a maintainer, you're likely to care for "not breaking" CPU-centric implementations.

To consistently integrate hardware acceleration, avoid unnecessary forks and discourage package fragmentation, composition::AdaptiveComponent allows to extend ROS 2 CPU-centric Nodes[^3] with their computational counterparts separating concerns at build-time. From a package-maintenance perspective, each Node (across computation options) is written in a separated file and as a separated Component. These can live either within the same package, or in totally different (disconnected) ones. adaptive_component takes care of putting them together at launch time and no dependency with the package is required at build-time[^4].

From an execution perspective, developers can easily create Adaptive ROS 2 Nodes and compose them together as desired at launch-time, with capabilities to adaptively switch between compute alternatives at run-time.

[^3]: Assumes Nodes are written as components, but it they are not, it's a great chance to do so ;).

[^4]: Though adaptive_component allows to disconnect nodes across packages, to facilitate source code maintenance across CPU-centric implementations and counterparts, it should be encouraged to keep the source code within the same ROS 2 package with suffixes indicating of the compute substrate (e.g. _fpga.cpp, etc.). This will facilitate maintaining implementations across different compute substrates, avoid versioning issues and fragmentation issues.

Some examples

Examples of using adaptive_component:

Conventions and recommendations

The following conventions and recommendations are meant to facilitate the integration of hardware acceleration in existing ROS packages

  1. Component-oriented: AdaptiveComponent is built as a component and should be used as such to maintain composability of Nodes.
  2. Naming: The Adaptive Node should be suffix with _adaptive to identify in the computational graph which Nodes have adaptive capabilities and which do not.
  3. Hidden sub-Nodes: Adaptive Node components (compute-specific ones e.g. CPU's or FPGA's) should be named with a hyphen (_) as a prefix, which will make them hidden Nodes by default.
  4. File names: When possible, source code file names should adhere to the following guidelines:
    • CPU-based computational Nodes can optionally add the _cpu suffix
    • FPGA-based computational Nodes shall add the _fpga suffix
    • GPU-based computational Nodes shall add the _gpu suffix

Quality Declaration

This package claims to be in the Quality Level 4 category, see the Quality Declaration for more details.

CHANGELOG

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Changelog for package adaptive_component ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

0.2.0 (2022-04-13)

  • Release 0.2.0
  • Add extra ament exports
  • Fix links to acceleration_examples
  • Add rclcpp_components dependency
  • Add extra ament exports
  • Add rclcpp_components dependency
  • Add a few examples to README
  • Minor improvements

0.1.0 (2021-11-09)

  • Initial version
  • First examples within acceleration_examples ROS 2 package
  • In-code documentation, README and quality declarations

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

Source Tutorials

Not currently indexed.

Package Dependencies

System Dependencies

No direct system dependencies.

Dependant Packages

No known dependants.

Launch files

No launch files found

Messages

No message files found.

Services

No service files found

Plugins

No plugins found.

Recent questions tagged adaptive_component at answers.ros.org