naoqi_libqicore package from naoqi_libqicore repo

naoqi_libqicore

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 2.9.7
License BSD
Build type AMENT_CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-naoqi/libqicore.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version ros2
Last Updated 2022-09-12
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Aldebaran's libqicore: a layer on top of libqi

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Maxime Busy
  • Surya Ambrose

Authors

  • Aldebaran

naoqi_libqicore

This fork is used to define the naoqi_libqicore ROS2 package, based on libqicore.

Compilation

To compile naoqi_libqicore, clone this repository in a ROS workspace and use the colcon build command. Please note that naoqi_libqi is a dependency of that project, you should have the package ros-distro-naoqi-libqi installed, or build the naoqi_libqi project from source in the same workspace.

Please note that you should checkout the branch corresponding to your ROS distro (eg. galactic-devel for Galactic, foxy-devel for Foxy, etc...)

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Humble ros2-humble-jammy
Galactic Build Status Build Status ros2-galactic-focal
Foxy Build Status Build Status ros2-foxy-focal
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naoqi_libqicore package from naoqi_libqicore repo

naoqi_libqicore

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 2.9.7
License BSD
Build type AMENT_CMAKE
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-naoqi/libqicore.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version ros2
Last Updated 2022-09-12
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Aldebaran's libqicore: a layer on top of libqi

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Maxime Busy
  • Surya Ambrose

Authors

  • Aldebaran

naoqi_libqicore

This fork is used to define the naoqi_libqicore ROS2 package, based on libqicore.

Compilation

To compile naoqi_libqicore, clone this repository in a ROS workspace and use the colcon build command. Please note that naoqi_libqi is a dependency of that project, you should have the package ros-distro-naoqi-libqi installed, or build the naoqi_libqi project from source in the same workspace.

Please note that you should checkout the branch corresponding to your ROS distro (eg. galactic-devel for Galactic, foxy-devel for Foxy, etc...)

Status

The source and binary status reflect the buildfarm builds for this package. The github build specifies wether it is possible to build this project from source, assuming that the upstream packages have been released (naoqi_libqi).

ROS Distro Binary Status Source Status Github Build
Humble ros2-humble-jammy
Galactic Build Status Build Status ros2-galactic-focal
Foxy Build Status Build Status ros2-foxy-focal
CHANGELOG
No CHANGELOG found.

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

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Not currently indexed.

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Recent questions tagged naoqi_libqicore at answers.ros.org

naoqi_libqicore package from naoqi_libqicore repo

naoqi_libqicore

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 2.9.7
License BSD
Build type CATKIN
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-naoqi/libqicore.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version ros
Last Updated 2022-09-09
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Aldebaran's libqicore: a layer on top of libqi

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Maxime Busy
  • Surya Ambrose

Authors

  • Aldebaran

naoqi_libqicore

This fork is used to define the naoqi_libqicore ROS package, based on libqicore.

Compilation

To compile naoqi_libqicore, clone this repository in a ROS workspace and use the catkin_make command. Please note that naoqi_libqi is a dependency of that project, you should have the package ros-distro-naoqi-libqi installed, or build the naoqi_libqi project from source in the same workspace.

Please note that you should checkout the branch corresponding to your ROS distro (eg. melodic-devel for Melodic, noetic-devel for Noetic, etc...)

Status

The source and binary status reflect the buildfarm builds for this package. The github build specifies wether it is possible to build this project from source, assuming that the upstream packages have been released (naoqi_libqi).

ROS Distro Binary Status Source status Github Build
Noetic Build Status Build Status ros-noetic-focal
Melodic Build Status Build Status ros-melodic-bionic
Kinetic passing passing ros-kinetic-xenial
CHANGELOG
No CHANGELOG found.

Wiki Tutorials

See ROS Wiki Tutorials for more details.

Source Tutorials

Not currently indexed.

Package Dependencies

System Dependencies

No direct system dependencies.

Dependant Packages

Launch files

No launch files found

Messages

No message files found.

Services

No service files found

Plugins

No plugins found.

Recent questions tagged naoqi_libqicore at answers.ros.org

naoqi_libqicore package from naoqi_libqicore repo

naoqi_libqicore

Package Summary

Tags No category tags.
Version 2.9.7
License BSD
Build type CATKIN
Use RECOMMENDED

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/ros-naoqi/libqicore.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version v1.11.0-melodic
Last Updated 2021-12-12
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released UNRELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Package Description

Aldebaran's libqicore: a layer on top of libqi

Additional Links

Maintainers

  • Maxime Busy
  • Surya Ambrose

Authors

  • Aldebaran
QiCore README
=============

This lib is a fork of the "frameManager", it aims to execute behaviors that
was previous executed with the frameManager but with much more flexibility.

At the moment, QiCore is only a compatibility layer, but it aims to become
the new execution core of behaviors.

QiCore and the frameManager are independant, meaning that you can execute behaviors
with both of us.


Getting Started:
----------------
Let's suppose you want to execute a behavior stored in a xar file.
First of all, correctly set your PYTHONPATH to collect all python modules needed.

1/ Convert the behavior:
python2 xar_converter.py path/to/behavior/behavior.xar output_folder/

This step will give you a folder with all objects needed by the behavior and
a main.py, entry point of the behavior.

2/ Execute the behavior:
python2 output_folder/main.py IP PORT
Where IP and PORT are the ip and port of the naoqi you want to connect.

The part to understand in the execution process is that the behavior is executed
on the machine that lunch the behavior with the python interpreter but the result
of the behavior is visible on the naoqi you are connected to.
In other words, commands are send to the distant naoqi at the right time, but this
distant naoqi does not know anything about the behavior.

To execute behaviors the same way that frameManager does, you probably want
to copy libQicore to the robot and then execute the following command on the robot:
python2 output_folder/main.py 127.0.0.1 9559


Sub-Projects:
-------------
QiCore can be splitted in different entities:
- The converter
    It converts a xar file (v3) to a new format, discussed later.

- The core with C++ Objects that executes a behavior
    Composed with Timeline, StateMachine, Box, Transition

- The object factory
    Load python objects at run-time and connect them

- The qicore_legacy
    Provide the support of functions provided previously by ALBehavior

Status:
-------
- Converter:
    Subject to a lot of testing, it converts successfully all tested behaviors.
    May be an effort can be put in printing nice error if file is incorrect.

- Core:
    StateMachine: used to replace behaviorKeyFrames, behaviorLayers
    Timeline: a lot of code comes from the legacy timeline, but this
      object handles only actuatorCurves. Threading model has been rebuilt.
    Box: Represents a legacy box, a box is also a state in the stateMachine
    Transition: Represents a transitions between two boxes

    The main differences in objects representations with the frameManager is
    that what is called Timeline in the frameManager is splitted into :
    Timeline and StateMachine in QiCore. Also the Timeline in QiCore is a lot
    simpler, and handles much less work.

- Object Factory:
    At the moment, only load python objects.

- QiCore Legacy:
    Provide the same level of functionnalities than ALBehavior.
    Differences : qicore_legacy does not provide resource management at the
    moment. Objects are not ALModules for the moment.


Benefits over frameManager:
---------------------------
- Interactions between C++ and Python:
    In the frameManager, interactions between C++ and Python are not very clear,
    some of the work are done in python, but connections between boxes are done
    in C++. C++ code calls python that will call C++ again.

    With QiCore, the behavior is written in Python, this Python code plays with
    C++ objects transparently (Swig is used for the binding).
    Sometimes C++ has to hold a callback in the Python world, but there is an
    effort to minimize the number of callbacks. Callbacks are listed later.

- ALBehavior, ALPythonBridge, ALMemory
    frameManager required all these objects to work. Signals between boxes are
    done by ALMemory, it is a bottleneck because ALMemory is a centralized
    sytem. All the Python code is executed in a special C++ Thread with an
    embedded Python interpreter.

    With QiCore, interactions between boxes are done by qi::Signal, so boxes can
    interacts with each others without the help of a central module.
    Python code can be executed directly by any stand alone python interpreter.

- Timeline concept and StateMachine
    The timeline concept was a bit messy and unintuitive with the frameManager.
    A lot of people was using the timeline of the frameManager as a StateMachine.

    QiCore provides a Timeline that executes only actuatorCurves and a StateMachine

- Code generation
    FrameManager generates a lot of code with each boxes, and debugging generated
    code is awful.

    QiCore aims to generate a mimum of code, and leave the original code almost
    untouched, code needed by the boxes are added at run-time, transparently.

- Play with C++ Objects
    FrameManager does not provide an API to play with Timeline and others objects

    QiCore provides an API to interact with objects in behaviors

- Maintain the code
    All concepts in the frameManager are intertwined, so the code is hard to
    maintain and understand.

    QiCore wants to provide clean concepts, easy to unterstand.

- New format
    Format supported by the frameManager include embedded python code.

    QiCore provides a new format with python code stored as .py and meta informations
    stored in xml files. Objects are splitted in different files.

- Stand alone
    FrameManager can not produce a stand alone python file that can be executed

    With QiCore you can simply execute a behavior with the following command:
    python2 behavior/main.py IP PORT
    That means you can execute a behavior on a desktop computer and send commands
    to a robot.
    We can also imagine that a robot send a behavior to another robot or a desktop
    computer can execute the same behavior on multiple robots.

To do:
------
- Catch SIGINT and send a on_stop signal to all boxes to quit elegantly.

- At the moment objects does not need to be in globals, may be change that.

- Path to file needed by the behaviors are incorrect, for example if you want
  to play a sound on a robot.

- All functions that handles resources just do nothing (qicore_legacy.py,
  waitForResources, ...)

- Naoqi is still needed to create proxies on services, but it is possible
  to replace ALProxy in naoqi by some qimessaging binding

- Boxes uses qi::signal, but are not naoqi2 objects

- Timeline tests are not usable, fix it

- Improve the ALMemoryWatcher and replace the polling thread by a
  subscribeToEvent

- Fix the "from naoqi import *" in py files

- Cleaner XML generation in converter/file_writer.py

- Swig detects a leak with boost::shared_ptr<ALBroker>, fix it.
  This leaks only happends when creating a timeline

- There is a mix between the new API and the old API, an effort can be put
  to use a minimum of the old API.

- The goTo in the stateMachine can be faster if we store labels in a map, instead
  of going though each box.

- The goTo in StateMachine and Timeline is a bit messy, it is the StateMachine
  that handles the goto, and then we handle the timeline. May be it will be
  cleaner to let the Timeline handle the goTo and contact the StateMachine if
  we need to change the state

- To be able to control the StateMachine or the Timeline of a parent, each box
  have a pointer to its parent. But this pointer can be replaced by a signal.

- A lot of fixes to execute behaviors exactly as frameManager

To know:
--------
- The StateMachine execute transitions in a thread, transitions are queued are
  performed in order of arrival (FIFO)

- Callbacks:
  * When changing states the the StateMachine will call the load callback on the
    next state, the unload callback on the previous state, and call the
    onNewState callback to trigger IO between boxes.
  * When the timeline has reached the last frame, it calls a python callback
    to trigger onStopped Outputs

- If you want to convert a crg file to the new format you can do the following:
  ar vx my_behavior.crg && tar vxf data.tar.gz
  to extract the .xar file and then convert it.

- Functions generated by the frameManager are added at run time and generated
  in function_generator.py

- The code that converts a old-style Timeline in a StateMachine is in the converter,
  in the file converter/new_format_generator.py

- To be able to reproduce the goTo of the old-style Timeline, the StateMachine
  uses two things: labels, that allows to a state associated with the label and
  provides an interval that belongs the state, this is useful when the user
  want to jump to a frame.

- Connections between boxes are done when loading the state associated and
  destroyed when leaving the state

- The Timeline have flags to trigger each state of the StateMachine at the
  right time. A flag is the association of a state name and the frame you want
  to trigger the transition. The only exception is the first frame, there is
  no flag for it, cause it is the initial state and the state is entered by
  calling run on the stateMachine

Hacks:
------
- There is a ref couting on load/unload boxes to prevent multiple loads, indeed
  when converting an old-style timeline to a stateMachine some objects are duplicated
  but you do not want to load them multiple times

- The same ref couting mechanism is present with connection between boxes for the
  same reasons.

- onLoad signal seems like a hack in the frameManager, this signal is triggerd each time
  we enter in a new keyframe. In the StateMachine this signal has to be triggered
  when entering a new state but this signal must not trigger boxes already activated.
  So every time the onLoad signal is triggerd, this signal is replaced by a new one
  with no connections. The previous onLoad is then stored because we do not want



Xar format documentation:
-------------------------

A Xar file is an xml file that describes a behavior

Elements:
- Box
- Diagram
- Timeline
- BehaviorLayer
- BehaviorKeyFrame
- Script
- Content
- Input
- Output
- Parameter
- Resource
- ActuatorList
- ActuatorCurve
- Key
- Link
- Bitmap


Box:
    Attributes:
      - name: name of the box
      - robot: robot targeted by the behavior
      - id: id of the box
      - tooltip: hint about how to use the box
      - bitmap_expanded: FIXME
      - plugin: FIXME
      - x: x coordinate of the box
      - y: y coordinate of the box

    Inner-Elements:
      - bitmap
      - script
      - Input
      - Output
      - Parameters
      - Timeline
      - Resources

Bitmap:
    Content:
      - Path to the bitmap file

Script:
    Attributes:
      - Language:
        - 0 -> C++
        - 1 -> URBI
        - 2 -> Ruby
        - 3 -> Dynamic Librabry
        - 4 -> Python
        - 5 -> QiChat
        - 6 -> No Script

    Content:
      - Content Beacon

Content:
    Content:
      - The script it-self.

Input:
    Attributes:
      - name : Name of the input
      - type:
        - 0 -> Dynamic
        - 1 -> Bang
        - 2 -> Number
        - 3 -> String
        - 4 -> Bitmap
        - 5 -> Sound
      - type_size: size of the type
      - nature:
        - 0 -> onLoad
        - 1 -> unDef
        - 2 -> onStart
        - 3 -> onStop
        - 4 -> STMValue
      - stm_value_name : value associated in ALMemory
      - inner :
      - tooltip : tip for the user
      - id : identifier for the IO Port (local to the box)

Output:
    Attributes:
      - name : Name of the input
      - type:
        - 0 -> Dynamic
        - 1 -> Bang
        - 2 -> Number
        - 3 -> String
        - 4 -> Bitmap
        - 5 -> Sound
      - type_size: size of the type
      - nature:
        - 0 -> unDef
        - 1 -> Stopped
        - 2 -> Punctual
        - 3 -> Recurrent
      - inner :
      - tooltip : tip for the user
      - id : identifier for the IO Port (local to the box)

Parameter:
    Attributes:
      - name: name of the parameter
      - inherits_from_parent:
        - 0 -> parameter is not inherited
        - 1 -> inherited parameter
      - content_type:
        - 0 -> Bool
        - 1 -> Int
        - 2 -> Double
        - 3 -> String
        - 4 -> Resource
      - value: value of the parameter
      - default_value: default value taken by the parameter
      - min : min value for the parameter
      - max : max value for the parameter
      - tooltip : hint for the user
      - id : identifier for the parameter (local to the box)
      - custom_choice : FIXME

Timeline:
    Attributes:
      - enable:
        - 0 -> disabled
        - 1 -> enabled
      - name: timeline name
      - fps : Frames per seconds
      - resource_acquisition:
        - 0 -> Passive
        - 1 -> Waiting
        - 2 -> Aggresive
      - size: FIXME
      - start_frame: first frame
      - end_frame: last frame
      - scale : FIXME
    Inner-Elements:
      - BehaviorLayer
      - ActuatorList
      - watches : FIXME

BehaviorLayer:
    Attributes:
      - name : name of the behaviorLayer
      - mute : FIXME
    Inner-Elements:
      - BehaviorKeyFrame

BehaviorKeyFrame:
    Attributes:
      - name : name of the keyframe
      - index : frame associated with the keyframe
    Inner-Elements:
      - Diagram

Diagram:
    Attributes:
      - scale : FIXME
    Inner-Elements:
      - Box
      - Link

Link:
    Attributes:
      - inputowner : id of the box local to the diagram, 0 means the
                      parent box
      - outputower : same as previous
      - indexofinput : id of the input (local to the box)
      - indexofoutput : id of the output (local to the box)


ActuatorList:
    Attirbutes:
      - model : FIXME
    Inner-Elements:
      - ActuatorCurve

ActuatorCurve:
    Attributes:
      - name : name of the actuatorCurve
      - actuator : Resource concerned by the actuatorCurve
      - recordable : FIXME
      - mute : FIXME
      - unit : FIXME
    Inner-Elements:
      - Key

Key:
    Attributes:
      - frame : frame concerned by the parent ActuatorCurve
      - value

Resource:
    Attributes:
      - name : name of the resource
      - type :
        - 0 -> Lock
        - 1 -> Stop_on_demand
        - 2 -> Pause_on_demand
        - 3 -> Callback_on_demand
      - timeout



Elements Hierarchy:

<Box>
  <bitmap> </bitmap>
  <script>
    <content> </content>
  </script>
  <Input />
  ...
  <Input />
  <Output />
  ...
  <Output />
  <Parameter />
  ...
  <Parameter />
  <Timeline>
    <BehaviorLayer>
      <BehaviorKeyFrame>
        <Diagram>
          <Box>
          </Box>
          ....
          <Box>
          </Box>
        </Diagram>
      </BehaviorKeyFrame>
      <BehaviorKeyFrame>
        ... (same as previous)
      </BehaviorKeyFrame>
    </BehaviorLayer>
    <BehaviorLayer>
      ... (same as previous)
    </BehaviorLayer>
    <ActuatorList>
      <ActuatorCurve>
        <Key />
        ...
        <Key />
      </ActuatorCurve>
      <ActuatorCurve>
        ... (same as previous)
      </ActuatorCurve>
    </ActuatorList>
  </Timeline>
  <Resource />
  ...
  <Resource />
</Box>


New format documentation:
-------------------------

This new format is not a definitive format, but is more like a test on how
to create a format more human readable and easy to edit. It aims to be compatible
with the previous xar format.

There is two kind of files:
- .xml files -> contains meta informations about the object
- .py files -> contains the Python code of the object

All these files are stored in the same directory

Each object is made of one py file and on xml file. Let's say I have an object
called foo, its reprensentation is:
- l0_foo.xml
- l0_foo.py

Naming convention:
The previous format does not provide an unique name to each object, so we have
to handle it. The naming convention is pretty simple:
=> l + 'level of the object in previous format' + _ + 'name of the object'
Let's say I have on object foo on level 42 (so in level 42 in the hierarchy of the
xar format), the object will be named:
- l42_foo.xml
- l42_foo.py

Name collisions:
If two objects have the same name, the converter will add a unique number to each object.
Let's say I have two objects foo, the converter will give:
- l1_foo.xml
- l1_foo.py
- l1_foo_1.xml
- l1_foo_1.py

Main:
There is one special file : main.py
This file does not represents an object but it is the file to execute when
you want to play the behavior

StateMachine and Timeline:
Each object can have a state_machine and a timeline associated. In this case
this object take the name of the owner and appending "state_machine" or
"timeline".
Let's say I have a root box with a stateMachine and a timeline, this will give
me:
- l0_root.py
- l0_root.xml
- l0_root_state_machine.xml
- l0_root_timeline.xml

Note that StateMachine and Timeline have no .py associated, there is no code
that comes with these objects.

States:
A state machine a different state associated with it, the naming convention is
the following, let's say I have a root box with a stateMachine and three states.
- l0_root.py
- l0_root.xml
- l0_root_state_machine.xml
- l0_root_state_0.xml
- l0_root_state_1.xml
- l0_root_state_2.xml

Note that a state has no .py associated either.

The loader will load only file needed in the behavior (i.e. presents
in the objects graph) and will leaves the others alone.
If an object that is not connected to others in present in the directory,
it will not be loaded.



XML files:

Elements:
- Box
- Timeline
- Input
- Output
- Parameter
- Resource
- ActuatorList
- ActuatorCurve
- Key
- Link
- StateMachine
- State

Box:
    Attributes:
      - name: name of the box
      - robot: robot targeted by the behavior
      - id: id of the box
      - tooltip: hint about how to use the box
      - bitmap_expanded: FIXME
      - plugin: FIXME
      - x: x coordinate of the box
      - y: y coordinate of the box
      - bitmap

Input:
-> Same has the xar format

Output:
-> Same has the xar format

Parameter:
-> Same has the xar format

Timeline:
    Attributes:
      - enable:
        - 0 -> disabled
        - 1 -> enabled
      - name: timeline name
      - fps : Frames per seconds
      - resource_acquisition:
        - 0 -> Passive
        - 1 -> Waiting
        - 2 -> Aggresive
      - size: FIXME
      - start_frame: first frame
      - end_frame: last frame
      - scale : FIXME

    Inner-Elements:
      - ActuatorList
      - watches : FIXME

ActuatorList:
-> Same has the xar format

ActuatorCurve:
-> Same has the xar format

Key:
-> Same has the xar format

Resource:
-> Same has the xar format

StateMachine:
    Attributes:
      - State : state in this stateMachine
      - InitialState : initial state in the stateMachine
      - FinalState : final state in the stateMachine
      - Transition : a transition between two states

State (in the stateMachine file):
    Attributes:
      - Name : name of the state

InitialState
    Attributes:
      - Name : name of the state

FinalState
    Attributes:
      - Name : name of the state

Transition
    Attributes:
      - From : name of the from state
      - To : name of the to state

State (in its own file):
    Attributes:
      - Object : object in the state
      - Interval : begin and end frame of the state
      - Label : name associated to state
      - Link : a connection between two objects

Object:
    Attributes:
      - Name : name of the object

Interval:
    Attributes:
      - begin : first frame in the state
      - end : last frame in the state

Label:
    Attributes:
      - Name : name associated with the state

Link:
    Attributes:
      - inputowner : name of the input object
      - outputower : name of the output object
      - indexofinput : name of the input
      - indexofoutput : name of the output

Objects in their own .xml files:
- Box
- StateMachine
- State
- Timeline



CHANGELOG
No CHANGELOG found.

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Recent questions tagged naoqi_libqicore at answers.ros.org