indoor_positioning repository

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/metratec/indoor_positioning.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version master
Last Updated 2018-10-26
Dev Status MAINTAINED
Released RELEASED

Packages

Name Version
indoor_positioning 1.1.0

README

indoor_positioning

I. About

This is a ROS package for the metraTec Indoor Positioning System. You can use the regular IPS for zone location of your robot or the IPS+ products for 3D-position-estimation using UWB ranging.

ips_plus

The image shows an example of the indoor positioning functionality. Four RF beacons are placed in the environment that localize a corresponding receiver in the vicinity. The IPS displays the current (user-defined) zone that the receiver is in (green rectangle). Additionally, using the IPS+ position estimation, the actual 3D-position of the receiver is displayed (pink sphere).

II. Installation

From ROS binaries (preferred method):

Simply run the following command where you change ROSDISTRO to whatever distribution you are using.

$ sudo apt-get install ros-ROSDISTRO-indoor-positioning

From source:

If you can't use the binary release, for example when you are using an older version of ROS, you can still manually build the package yourself.

First, clone the repository into the source folder of your catkin workspace:

$ git clone https://github.com/metratec/indoor_positioning.git YOUR_CATKIN_WS/src/indoor_positioning

Install python dependencies via:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt

Now you should be able to use the package like any other (catkin) package in your workspace.

III. Usage

The receiver.py node handles communication with the receiver and publishes incoming messages. Therefore you have to run this node in order to use the IPS or IPS+ node. Then you can run either the positioning.py node for IPS or the

``` node for IPS+ (or both, theoretically).

### Setup
To be able to use the nodes for zone location (IPS) or UWB positioning (IPS+) you have to setup your environment in a YAML configuration file.
Take a look at the 
```config/zones_template.yml
``` example for information about the structure and content of this config file.

### Launch files
There are two launch files you can use right away to test this package with default parameters. 
The 
```ips.launch
``` file starts the receiver and the IPS node for zone location. 
The 
```ips_plus.launch
``` file starts the receiver and the IPS+ node for UWB position estimation. 
For both you have to specify whether you use a TCP or USB receiver and how they are connected.


launching the IPS node using a metraTec USB receiver

$ roslaunch indoor_positioning ips.launch rec_name:=port rec_value:=/dev/ttyUSB0

launching the IPS+ node using a TCP receiver

$ roslaunch indoor_positioning ips_plus.launch rec_name:=host rec_value:=192.168.2.223

If you want to use non-default parameters for any of the nodes you have to set them in the ROS parameter server or 
write your own launch files that set the respective parameters however you want. 
Take a look at the two launch files mentioned above as an example.

_Note:_ by setting the 
```do_vis
``` parameter of the launch files to 
```True
``` you can simultaneously start rviz with
predefined settings to display the defined beacon positions, current zone and/or estimated receiver position.

### Nodes

#### receiver.py
Use this node to establish a connection with the metraTec IPS receiver or USB stick. You have to pass the USB port the
stick is connected to or the IP address of the regular receiver as a command line argument or as a private parameter
when you are using a launch file.

Running from command line:  

$ rosrun indoor_positioning receiver.py TYPE REQUIRED OPTIONAL

For example:

$ rosrun indoor_positioning receiver.py usb /dev/ttyUSB0 $ rosrun indoor_positioning receiver.py tcp 192.168.2.223

##### Subscribed topics:
- ips/receiver/send (std_msgs/String):  
Message to be sent over the TCP or serial connection to the IPS receiver or USB stick

##### Published topics:
- ips/receiver/raw (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Raw messages received from the receiver or USB stick

##### Parameters:
- ~type (string, default='tcp'):  
'tcp' for TCP receiver or 'usb' for metraTec USB stick

- ~host (string, default='192.168.2.223):  
IP address of the connected receiver

- ~port (with type='tcp': int, default=10001; with type='usb': string, default='/dev/ttyUSB0):  
Port for the TCP connection if '~type' parameter is set to 'tcp', otherwise specifies the USB port of the stick

- ~baudrate (int, default=115200):  
Baudrate to use for serial communication with USB receiver

#### positioning.py (IPS)
Use this node to perform indoor zone location using the metraTec IPS tracking system. Prerequisites for using this node
is a running receiver-node that handles communication with the receiver and thus with the beacons in the vicinity.
Also, make sure that you have defined your zones correctly in the YAML config file.

##### Subscribed topics:
- ips/receiver/raw (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Raw messages received by the UWB receiver

##### Published topics:
- ips/receiver/current_zone/name (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Name of the zone the receiver is currently in

- ips/receiver/current_zone/polygon (geometry_msgs/PolygonStamped):  
Polygon comprising the current zone

- ips/receiver/zone_leave (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Name of the zone that the receiver has left. Is published at the moment a zone-leave occurs

- ips/receiver/zone_enter (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Name of the zone that the receiver has entered. Is published at the moment a zone-enter occurs

##### Parameters:
- ~config_file (string, default='config/zones.yml'):  
Path to the configuration file of zones and beacons relative to the package directory

- ~rate (double, default=1):  
The publishing rate in messages per second

- ~bcn_len (int, default=2*number_of_beacons):  
Buffer length for BCN messages

#### positioning_plus.py (IPS+)
Use this node to perform indoor positioning using the metraTec IPS+ tracking system. Prerequisites for using this node
is a running receiver-node that handles communication with the receiver and thus with the beacons in the vicinity.
Also, make sure that tf is broadcasting transformations between all the different coordinate frames used in the config
file and the coordinate frame of the receiver (which is specified via rosparam, see below).

##### Subscribed topics:
- ips/receiver/raw (indoor_positioning/StringStamped):  
Raw messages received by the UWB receiver

##### Published topics:
- ips/receiver/send (std_msgs/String):  
Message to be sent to the receiver, e.g. 'SRG <EID> \r' ranging request

- ips/receiver/position (geometry_msgs/PointStamped):  
Estimated position of the receiver after UWB ranging and trilateration

##### Parameters:
- ~config_file (string, default='config/zones.yml'):  
Path to the configuration file of zones and beacons relative to the package directory

- ~frame_id (string, default='map'):  
Coordinate frame the receiver position should be estimated in

- ~rate (double, default=0.1):  
The publishing rate in messages per second

- ~bcn_len (int, default=2*number_of_beacons):  
Buffer length for BCN messages. Defaults to twice the number of beacons defined in the config file.
You might need to increase this if there are a lot of unused/undefined beacons that are pinging on the same SID/channel.

- ~srg_len (int, default=number_of_beacons):  
Buffer length for SRG messages

- ~min_beacons (int, default=3):  
Minimum number of beacons to be used for UWB ranging. Should be 3 (two possible points) or 4

- ~max_beacons (int, default=6):  
Maximum number of beacons to be used for UWB ranging. Higher values lead to higher computation time.

- ~rssi_thresh (int, default=-127):  
Minimum RSSI value a beacon should have to be used for ranging. Default uses all beacons.

- ~max_z (double, default=None):  
Maximum z-coordinate the receiver should have after ranging. Used as bounds for trilateration.

- ~dilation (double, default=0.0):  
Only position estimates within a dilated convex hull around the beacons used for ranging are published to
minimize errors and improve accuracy. This is the dilation distance in m.

#### ips_map.py
This node publishes tf transforms between the frame_id set in the config file and the beacon positions in that zone.
You can use these transforms for visualization in rviz to make sure you have set up your environment correctly.

##### Published tf's:
- beacon.frame_id -> beacon.eid  
Transforms for all zones and beacons defined in the config file. Transforms are broadcasted from the zone frame_id to the position of the beacon in that frame

##### Parameters:
- ~config_file (string, default='config/zones.yml'):  
Path to the configuration file of zones and beacons relative to the package directory

- ~rate (double, default=0.1):  
The publishing rate of transforms in transforms per second