camera_ros repository

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/christianrauch/camera_ros.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version main
Last Updated 2024-06-01
Dev Status DEVELOPED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Packages

Name Version
camera_ros 0.1.0

README

ROS 2 node for libcamera

This ROS 2 node provides support for a variety of cameras via libcamera. Amongst others, this node supports V4L2 and Raspberry Pi cameras.

Install

Binary

Binary packages are available via the ROS package repository for some Linux and ROS distributions (check with rosdep resolve camera_ros). If it's available, you can install the DEB or RPM packages via:

# source ROS distribution
source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash
# DEB package
sudo apt install ros-$ROS_DISTRO-camera-ros
# RPM package
sudo dnf install ros-$ROS_DISTRO-camera-ros

Source

libcamera dependency

The camera_ros node depends on libcamera version 0.1 or later.

Some Linux and ROS distributions provide binary libcamera packages. Check your package manager for libcamera and rosdep resolve libcamera to see if binary packages are available.

If your distribution does not provide a binary libcamera package, you have to compile libcamera from source either independent of the colcon workspace according to the official build instructions or as part of the colcon workspace. Either way, you have to install libcamera's build dependencies manually:

# DEB
sudo apt install pkg-config python3-yaml python3-ply python3-jinja2 openssl libyaml-dev libssl-dev libudev-dev libatomic1 meson
# RPM
sudo dnf install pkgconfig python3-yaml python3-ply python3-jinja2 openssl libyaml-devel openssl-devel libudev-devel libatomic meson

build camera_ros

The camera_ros package is built in a colcon workspace. The following instructions assume that you are building libcamera from source in the colcon workspace.

# create workspace with camera_ros package
mkdir -p ~/camera_ws/
cd ~/camera_ws/
git clone https://github.com/christianrauch/camera_ros.git src/camera_ros

# optional: build libcamera in colcon workspace
pip install colcon-meson
git clone https://git.libcamera.org/libcamera/libcamera.git src/libcamera

# resolve binary dependencies and build workspace
source /opt/ros/humble/setup.bash
rosdep install --from-paths src --ignore-src --skip-keys=libcamera
colcon build

If you installed libcamera externally, you can omit the colcon-meson and libcamera steps. Additionally, if there is a binary package and a rosdep entry for libcamera (check with rosdep resolve libcamera) you can also omit --skip-keys=libcamera and have this binary dependency resolved automatically.

Launching the Node

The package provides a standalone node executable:

ros2 run camera_ros camera_node

a composable node (camera::CameraNode):

ros2 component standalone camera_ros camera::CameraNode

and an example launch file for the composable node:

ros2 launch camera_ros camera.launch.py

Parameters

The node provides two sets of parameters: 1. static read-only parameters to configure the camera stream once at the beginning 2. dynamic parameters which are generated from the camera controls to change per-frame settings and which can be changed at runtime

Those parameters can be set on the command line:

# standalone executable
ros2 run camera_ros camera_node --ros-args -p param1:=arg1 -p param2:=arg2
# composable node
ros2 component standalone camera_ros camera::CameraNode -p param1:=arg1 -p param2:=arg2

or dynamically via the ROS parameter API.

Static Camera Stream Configuration

The camera stream is configured once when the node starts via the following static read-only parameters:

name type description
camera integer or string selects the camera by index (e.g. 0) or by name (e.g. /base/soc/i2c0mux/i2c@1/ov5647@36) [default: 0]
role string configures the camera with a StreamRole (possible choices: raw, still, video, viewfinder) [default: video]
format string a PixelFormat that is supported by the camera [default: auto]
width, height integer desired image resolution [default: auto]

The configuration is done in the following order: 1. select camera via camera 2. configure camera stream via role 3. set the pixel format for the stream via format 4. set the image resolution for the stream via width and height

Each stream role only supports a discrete set of data stream configurations as a combination of the image resolution and pixel format. The selected stream configuration is validated at the end of this sequence and adjusted to the closest valid stream configuration.

By default, the node will select the first available camera and configures it with the default pixel format and image resolution. If a parameter has not been set, the node will print the available options and inform the user about the default choice.

The node avoids memory copies of the image data by directly mapping from a camera pixel format to a ROS image format, with the exception of converting between "raw" and "compressed" image formats when requested by the user. As an effect, not all pixel formats that are supported by the camera may be supported by the ROS image message. Hence, the options for format are limited to pixel formats that are supported by the camera and the raw ROS image message.

Dynamic Frame Configuration (controls)

The dynamic parameters are created at runtime by inspecting the controls that are exposed by the camera. The set of exposed controls is camera-dependent. The ROS parameters are directly formatted from the exposed controls, hence the parameter names match the control names.

libcamera does not expose the framerate directly as a parameter. Instead, the framerate range has to be converted to a duration: $$\text{duration} = \frac{1}{\text{framerate}} \cdot 10^6 \ ┬Ás$$ and then set via the control FrameDurationLimits, if it is exposed by the camera:

# set fixed framerate of 20 Hz (50 ms)
ros2 run camera_ros camera_node --ros-args -p FrameDurationLimits:="[50000,50000]"

CONTRIBUTING

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