ros2_ouster_driver repository

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/SteveMacenski/ros2_ouster_drivers.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version foxy-devel
Last Updated 2020-07-28
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Packages

Name Version
ouster_msgs 0.2.0
ros2_ouster 0.2.0

README

ROS2 Ouster Drivers

These are an implementation of ROS2 drivers for the Ouster OS-1 3D lidars. This includes all models of the OS-1 from 16 to 128 beams.

You can find a few videos looking over the sensor below. They both introduce the ROS1 driver but are extremely useful references regardless:

OS-1 Networking Setup OS-1 Data Overview
IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE

Documentation

Documentation can be generated using Doxygen.

Run doxygen in the root of this repository. It will generate a /doc/* directory containing the documentation. Entrypoint in a browser is index.html.

Design

See design doc in design/* directory here.

ROS Interfaces

Topic Type Description
scan sensor_msgs/LaserScan 2D laser scan of the 0-angle ring
range_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the range values from the sensor
intensity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the Intensity values from the sensor
noise_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the noise values from the sensor
reflectivity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the reflectivity values from the sensor
points sensor_msgs/PointCloud2 3D Pointcloud generated from a 360 rotation
imu sensor_msgs/Imu IMU values at transmission rate
Service Type Description
reset std_srvs/Empty Reset the sensor's connection
GetMetadata ouster_msgs/GetMetadata Get information about the sensor
Parameter Type Description
lidar_ip String IP or hostname of lidar (ex. 10.5.5.87, os1-serialno.local)
computer_ip String IP or hostname of computer to get data (ex. 10.5.5.1) or broadcast (ex. 255.255.255.255)
lidar_mode String Mode of data capture, default 512x10
imu_port int Port of IMU data, default 7503
lidar_port int Port of laser data, default 7502
sensor_frame String TF frame of sensor, default laser_sensor_frame
laser_frame String TF frame of laser data, default laser_data_frame
imu_frame String TF frame of imu data, default imu_data_frame
use_system_default_qos bool Publish data with default QoS for rosbag2 recording, default False
timestamp_mode String Method used to timestamp measurements, default TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC
os1_proc_mask String Mask encoding data processors to activate, default IMG | PCL | IMU | SCAN

Note: TF will provide you the transformations from the sensor frame to each of the data frames.

Timestamp Modes

Referring to the parameter table above, the timestamp_mode parameter has four allowable options (as of this writing). They are: TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC, TIME_FROM_SYNC_PULSE_IN, TIME_FROM_PTP_1588, TIME_FROM_ROS_RECEPTION. A description of each now follows.

TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC

Use the LiDAR internal clock. Measurements are time stamped with ns since power-on. Free running counter based on the OS1’s internal oscillator. Counts seconds and nanoseconds since OS1 turn on, reported at ns resolution (both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but min increment is on the order of 10 ns. Accuracy is +/- 90 ppm.

TIME_FROM_SYNC_PULSE_IN

A free running counter synced to the SYNC_PULSE_IN input counts seconds (# of pulses) and nanoseconds since OS1 turn on. If multipurpose_io_mode is set to INPUT_NMEA_UART then the seconds register jumps to time extracted from a NMEA $GPRMC message read on the multipurpose_io port. Reported at ns resolution (both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but min increment is on the order of 10 ns. Accuracy is +/- 1 s from a perfect SYNC_PULSE_IN source.

TIME_FROM_PTP_1588

Synchronize with an external PTP master. A monotonically increasing counter that will begin counting seconds and nanoseconds since startup. As soon as a 1588 sync event happens, the time will be updated to seconds and nanoseconds since 1970. The counter must always count forward in time. If another 1588 sync event happens the counter will either jump forward to match the new time, or slow itself down. It is reported at ns resolution (there is both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but the minimum increment varies. Accuracy is +/- <50 us from the 1588 master.

TIME_FROM_ROS_RECEPTION

Data are stamped with the ROS time when they are received. The inherent latency between when the data were sampled by the LiDAR and when the data were received by this ROS node is not modelled. This approach may be acceptable to get up and running quickly or for static applications. However, for mobile robots, particularly those traveling at higher speeds, it is not recommended to use this timestamp_mode. When running in this mode, the on-LiDAR timestamp_mode will not be set by this driver.

Parameterizing the Active Data Processors

The os1_proc_mask parameter is set to a mask-like-string used to define the data processors that should be activated upon startup of the driver. This will determine the topics that are available for client applications to consume. The de facto reference for these values are defined in processor_factories.hpp. It is recommended to only use the processors that you require for your application.

The available data processors are:

  • IMG Provides 8-bit image topics encoding the noise, range, intensity, and reflectivitiy from a scan.
  • PCL Provides a point cloud encoding of a LiDAR scan
  • IMU Provides a data stream from the LiDAR's integral IMU
  • SCAN Provides a 2D LaserScan from the closest to 0-degree azimuth ring

To construct a valid string for the os1_proc_mask parameter, join the tokens from above (in any combination) with the pipe character (|). For example, valid strings include but are not limited to: IMG|PCL, IMG|PCL|IMU, PCL, etc. The default value is IMG|PCL|IMU|SCAN.

More details about data processors in the driver is provided in the Additional Lidar Processing section below.

Extensions

This package was intentionally designed for new capabilities to be added. Whether that being supporting new classes of Ouster lidars (OS1-custom, OS2, ...) or supporting new ways of processing the data packets.

Additional Lidar Processing

It can be imagined that if you have a stream of lidar or IMU packets, you may want to process them differently. If you're working with a high speed vehicle, you may want the packets projected into a pointcloud and published with little batching inside the driver. If you're working with pointclouds for machine learning, you may only want the pointcloud to include the XYZ information and not the intensity, reflectivity, and noise information to reduce dimensionality.

In any case, I provide a set of logical default processing implementations on the lidar and IMU packets. These are implementations of the ros2_ouster::DataProcessorInterface class in the interfaces directory. To create your own processor to change the pointcloud type, buffering methodology, or some new cool thing, you must create an implementation of a data processor.

After creating your implementation, that will take in a uint8_t * of a data packet and accomplish your task, you will need to create a factory method for it in processor_factories.hpp and add it to the list of processors to be created in the createProcessors method.

I encourage you to contribute back any new processor methods to this project! The default processors will buffer 1 full rotation of data of the pointcloud and publish the pointcloud with the X, Y, Z, range, intensity, reflectivity, ring, and noise information. It will also buffer a full rotation and publish the noise, intensity, and reflectivity images. Finally, it will publish the IMU data at transmission frequency.

Some examples: - If you wanted the points at transmission frequency to reduce aliasing - Different types of pointclouds published containing a subset or additional information. - If you wanted the information in another format (ei 1 data image with 3 channels of the range, intensity, and noise) - Downsample the data at a driver level to only take every Nth ring.

Additional Lidar Units

To create a new lidar for this driver, you only need to make an implementation of the ros2_ouster::SensorInterface class and include any required SDKs. Then, in the driver_types.hpp file, add your new interface as a template of the OusterDriver and you're good to go.

You may need to add an additional main method for the new templated program, depending if you're using components. If it uses another underlying SDK other than OS1 you will also need to create new processors for it as the processors are bound to a specific unit as the data formatting may be different. If they are the same, you can reuse the OS1 processors.

Lifecycle

This ROS2 driver makes use of Lifecycle nodes. If you're not familiar with lifecycle, or managed nodes, please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The lifecycle node allow for the driver to have a deterministic setup and tear down and is a new feature in ROS2. The launch script will need to use a lifecycle node launcher to transition into the active state to start processing data.

Component

This ROS2 driver makes use of Component nodes. If you're not familiar with component nodes please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The component node allow for the driver and its processing nodes to be launched into the same process and is a new feature in ROS2. This allows the sensor and its data clients to operate without serialization or copying between nodes sharing a memory pool.

There's a little work in ROS2 Eloquent to launch a component-lifecycle node using only the roslaunch API. It may be necessary to include the Ouster driver in your lifecycle manager to transition into the active state when loading the driver into a process as a component. Example using the ROS2 component manager:

# component manager for dynamic loading (also may be done through launch)
ros2 run rclcpp_components component_container
# load this component
ros2 component load /ComponentManager ros2_ouster ros2_ouster::OS1Driver
# Set parameters
ros2 param set OusterDriver lidar_ip 10.5.5.86
ros2 param set OusterDriver computer_ip 10.5.5.1
# transition to configuring lifecycle stage
ros2 lifecycle set OusterDriver 1
# transition to active lifecycle stage (will now stream data)
ros2 lifecycle set OusterDriver 3

Ouster Messages

A message Metadata was created to describe the metadata of the lidars. In addition the GetMetadata service type will be used to get the metadata from a running driver.

Setup and Networking

Ouster gives you some tools to set up a direct connection to the sensor from you computer. I'd argue these are a bit obtuse and they should really provide a set of scripts to set this up automatically as a daemon. However, since I am also using this as a development tool, I don't want this always running in the background on my machines so I provide the directions below to setup the network connection.

One time setup

These are bash commands in Linux to setup the connection. These steps only need to happen the first time you set up the laser. After the first time, when you establish the network connection to the sensor, you can just select this created network profile. Ensure the sensor is powered off and disconnected at this point.

The [eth name] is the nework interface you're connecting to. On older Linux systems, that's eth0 or similar. In newer versions, its enp... or enx... when you look at the output of ifconfig.

 ip addr flush dev [eth name]
 ip addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state DOWN .... Its only important that you see DOWN and not UP. Next, lets setup a static IP address for your machine so you can rely on this in the future. Ouster uses the 10.5.5.* range, and I don't see a compelling reason to argue with it.

sudo ip addr add 10.5.5.1/24 dev [eth name]


Now, lets setup the connection. At this point you may now plug in and power on your sensor.

sudo ip link set [eth name] up
sudo addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state UP .... Its only important that you see UP now and not DOWN. At this point, you've setup the networking needed for the one time setup.

Connection

We can setup the network connection to the sensor now with the proper settings. Note: This command could take up to 30 seconds to setup, be patient. If after a minute you see no results, then you probably have an issue. Start the instructions above over. Lets set up the network

sudo dnsmasq -C /dev/null -kd -F 10.5.5.50,10.5.5.100 -i [eth name] --bind-dynamic

Instantly you should see something similar to:

dnsmasq: started, version 2.75 cachesize 150
dnsmasq: compile time options: IPv6 GNU-getopt DBus i18n IDN DHCP DHCPv6 no-Lua TFTP conntrack ipset auth DNSSEC loop-detect inotify
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, IP range 10.5.5.50 -- 10.5.5.100, lease time 1h
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, sockets bound exclusively to interface enxa0cec8c012f8
dnsmasq: reading /etc/resolv.conf
dnsmasq: using nameserver 127.0.1.1#53
dnsmasq: read /etc/hosts - 10 addresses


You need to wait until you see something like:

dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPDISCOVER(enxa0cec8c012f8) [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPOFFER(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPREQUEST(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPACK(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr] os1-SerialNumXX

Now you're ready for business. Lets see what IP addgress its on (10.5.5.87). Lets ping it

ping 10.5.5.87

and we're good to go!

ROS Connection

Now that we have a connection over the network, lets view some data. After building your catkin workspace with this package, source the install space. Run


ros2 launch ros2_ouster os1_launch.py

Make sure to update your parameters file if you don't use the default IPs (10.5.5.1, 10.5.5.87). You may also use the .local version of your ouster lidar. To find your IPs, see the dnsmasq output or check with nmap -SP 10.5.5.*/24.

Now that your connection is up (hopefully), you can view this information in RViz. Open an RViz session and subscribe to the points, images, and IMU topics in the laser frame.

Have fun!

CONTRIBUTING

No CONTRIBUTING.md found.

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/SteveMacenski/ros2_ouster_drivers.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version eloquent-devel
Last Updated 2020-05-27
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Packages

Name Version
ouster_msgs 0.1.0
ros2_ouster 0.1.0

README

ROS2 Ouster Drivers

These are an implementation of ROS2 drivers for the Ouster OS-1 3D lidars. This includes all models of the OS-1 from 16 to 128 beams.

You can find a few videos looking over the sensor below. They both introduce the ROS1 driver but are extremely useful references regardless:

OS-1 Networking Setup OS-1 Data Overview
IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE

Documentation

Documentation can be generated using Doxygen.

Run doxygen in the root of this repository. It will generate a /doc/* directory containing the documentation. Entrypoint in a browser is index.html.

Design

See design doc in design/* directory here.

ROS Interfaces

Topic Type Description
scan sensor_msgs/LaserScan 2D laser scan of the 0-angle ring
range_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the range values from the sensor
intensity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the Intensity values from the sensor
noise_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the noise values from the sensor
reflectivity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the reflectivity values from the sensor
points sensor_msgs/PointCloud2 3D Pointcloud generated from a 360 rotation
imu sensor_msgs/Imu IMU values at transmission rate
Service Type Description
reset std_srvs/Empty Reset the sensor's connection
GetMetadata ouster_msgs/GetMetadata Get information about the sensor
Parameter Type Description
lidar_ip String IP of lidar (ex. 10.5.5.87)
computer_ip String IP of computer to get data (ex. 10.5.5.1)
lidar_mode String Mode of data capture, default 512x10
imu_port int Port of IMU data, default 7503
lidar_port int Port of laser data, default 7502
sensor_frame String TF frame of sensor, default laser_sensor_frame
laser_frame String TF frame of laser data, default laser_data_frame
imu_frame String TF frame of imu data, default imu_data_frame
use_system_default_qos bool Publish data with default QoS for rosbag2 recording, default False
timestamp_mode String Method used to timestamp measurements, default TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC
os1_proc_mask String Mask encoding data processors to activate, default IMG | PCL | IMU | SCAN

Note: TF will provide you the transformations from the sensor frame to each of the data frames.

Timestamp Modes

Referring to the parameter table above, the timestamp_mode parameter has four allowable options (as of this writing). They are: TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC, TIME_FROM_SYNC_PULSE_IN, TIME_FROM_PTP_1588, TIME_FROM_ROS_RECEPTION. A description of each now follows.

TIME_FROM_INTERNAL_OSC

Use the LiDAR internal clock. Measurements are time stamped with ns since power-on. Free running counter based on the OS1’s internal oscillator. Counts seconds and nanoseconds since OS1 turn on, reported at ns resolution (both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but min increment is on the order of 10 ns. Accuracy is +/- 90 ppm.

TIME_FROM_SYNC_PULSE_IN

A free running counter synced to the SYNC_PULSE_IN input counts seconds (# of pulses) and nanoseconds since OS1 turn on. If multipurpose_io_mode is set to INPUT_NMEA_UART then the seconds register jumps to time extracted from a NMEA $GPRMC message read on the multipurpose_io port. Reported at ns resolution (both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but min increment is on the order of 10 ns. Accuracy is +/- 1 s from a perfect SYNC_PULSE_IN source.

TIME_FROM_PTP_1588

Synchronize with an external PTP master. A monotonically increasing counter that will begin counting seconds and nanoseconds since startup. As soon as a 1588 sync event happens, the time will be updated to seconds and nanoseconds since 1970. The counter must always count forward in time. If another 1588 sync event happens the counter will either jump forward to match the new time, or slow itself down. It is reported at ns resolution (there is both a second and nanosecond register in every UDP packet), but the minimum increment varies. Accuracy is +/- <50 us from the 1588 master.

TIME_FROM_ROS_RECEPTION

Data are stamped with the ROS time when they are received. The inherent latency between when the data were sampled by the LiDAR and when the data were received by this ROS node is not modelled. This approach may be acceptable to get up and running quickly or for static applications. However, for mobile robots, particularly those traveling at higher speeds, it is not recommended to use this timestamp_mode. When running in this mode, the on-LiDAR timestamp_mode will not be set by this driver.

Parameterizing the Active Data Processors

The os1_proc_mask parameter is set to a mask-like-string used to define the data processors that should be activated upon startup of the driver. This will determine the topics that are available for client applications to consume. The de facto reference for these values are defined in processor_factories.hpp. It is recommended to only use the processors that you require for your application.

The available data processors are:

  • IMG Provides 8-bit image topics encoding the noise, range, intensity, and reflectivitiy from a scan.
  • PCL Provides a point cloud encoding of a LiDAR scan
  • IMU Provides a data stream from the LiDAR's integral IMU
  • SCAN Provides a 2D LaserScan from the closest to 0-degree azimuth ring

To construct a valid string for the os1_proc_mask parameter, join the tokens from above (in any combination) with the pipe character (|). For example, valid strings include but are not limited to: IMG|PCL, IMG|PCL|IMU, PCL, etc. The default value is IMG|PCL|IMU|SCAN.

More details about data processors in the driver is provided in the Additional Lidar Processing section below.

Extensions

This package was intentionally designed for new capabilities to be added. Whether that being supporting new classes of Ouster lidars (OS1-custom, OS2, ...) or supporting new ways of processing the data packets.

Additional Lidar Processing

It can be imagined that if you have a stream of lidar or IMU packets, you may want to process them differently. If you're working with a high speed vehicle, you may want the packets projected into a pointcloud and published with little batching inside the driver. If you're working with pointclouds for machine learning, you may only want the pointcloud to include the XYZ information and not the intensity, reflectivity, and noise information to reduce dimensionality.

In any case, I provide a set of logical default processing implementations on the lidar and IMU packets. These are implementations of the ros2_ouster::DataProcessorInterface class in the interfaces directory. To create your own processor to change the pointcloud type, buffering methodology, or some new cool thing, you must create an implementation of a data processor.

After creating your implementation, that will take in a uint8_t * of a data packet and accomplish your task, you will need to create a factory method for it in processor_factories.hpp and add it to the list of processors to be created in the createProcessors method.

I encourage you to contribute back any new processor methods to this project! The default processors will buffer 1 full rotation of data of the pointcloud and publish the pointcloud with the X, Y, Z, range, intensity, reflectivity, ring, and noise information. It will also buffer a full rotation and publish the noise, intensity, and reflectivity images. Finally, it will publish the IMU data at transmission frequency.

Some examples: - If you wanted the points at transmission frequency to reduce aliasing - Different types of pointclouds published containing a subset or additional information. - If you wanted the information in another format (ei 1 data image with 3 channels of the range, intensity, and noise) - Downsample the data at a driver level to only take every Nth ring.

Additional Lidar Units

To create a new lidar for this driver, you only need to make an implementation of the ros2_ouster::SensorInterface class and include any required SDKs. Then, in the driver_types.hpp file, add your new interface as a template of the OusterDriver and you're good to go.

You may need to add an additional main method for the new templated program, depending if you're using components. If it uses another underlying SDK other than OS1 you will also need to create new processors for it as the processors are bound to a specific unit as the data formatting may be different. If they are the same, you can reuse the OS1 processors.

Lifecycle

This ROS2 driver makes use of Lifecycle nodes. If you're not familiar with lifecycle, or managed nodes, please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The lifecycle node allow for the driver to have a deterministic setup and tear down and is a new feature in ROS2. The launch script will need to use a lifecycle node launcher to transition into the active state to start processing data.

Component

This ROS2 driver makes use of Component nodes. If you're not familiar with component nodes please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The component node allow for the driver and its processing nodes to be launched into the same process and is a new feature in ROS2. This allows the sensor and its data clients to operate without serialization or copying between nodes sharing a memory pool.

There's a little work in ROS2 Eloquent to launch a component-lifecycle node using only the roslaunch API. It may be necessary to include the Ouster driver in your lifecycle manager to transition into the active state when loading the driver into a process as a component. Example using the ROS2 component manager:

# component manager for dynamic loading (also may be done through launch)
ros2 run rclcpp_components component_container
# load this component
ros2 component load /ComponentManager ros2_ouster ros2_ouster::OS1Driver
# Set parameters
ros2 param set OusterDriver lidar_ip 10.5.5.86
ros2 param set OusterDriver computer_ip 10.5.5.1
# transition to configuring lifecycle stage
ros2 lifecycle set OusterDriver 1
# transition to active lifecycle stage (will now stream data)
ros2 lifecycle set OusterDriver 3

Ouster Messages

A message Metadata was created to describe the metadata of the lidars. In addition the GetMetadata service type will be used to get the metadata from a running driver.

Setup and Networking

Ouster gives you some tools to set up a direct connection to the sensor from you computer. I'd argue these are a bit obtuse and they should really provide a set of scripts to set this up automatically as a daemon. However, since I am also using this as a development tool, I don't want this always running in the background on my machines so I provide the directions below to setup the network connection.

One time setup

These are bash commands in Linux to setup the connection. These steps only need to happen the first time you set up the laser. After the first time, when you establish the network connection to the sensor, you can just select this created network profile. Ensure the sensor is powered off and disconnected at this point.

The [eth name] is the nework interface you're connecting to. On older Linux systems, that's eth0 or similar. In newer versions, its enp... or enx... when you look at the output of ifconfig.

 ip addr flush dev [eth name]
 ip addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state DOWN .... Its only important that you see DOWN and not UP. Next, lets setup a static IP address for your machine so you can rely on this in the future. Ouster uses the 10.5.5.* range, and I don't see a compelling reason to argue with it.

sudo ip addr add 10.5.5.1/24 dev [eth name]


Now, lets setup the connection. At this point you may now plug in and power on your sensor.

sudo ip link set [eth name] up
sudo addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state UP .... Its only important that you see UP now and not DOWN. At this point, you've setup the networking needed for the one time setup.

Connection

We can setup the network connection to the sensor now with the proper settings. Note: This command could take up to 30 seconds to setup, be patient. If after a minute you see no results, then you probably have an issue. Start the instructions above over. Lets set up the network

sudo dnsmasq -C /dev/null -kd -F 10.5.5.50,10.5.5.100 -i [eth name] --bind-dynamic

Instantly you should see something similar to:

dnsmasq: started, version 2.75 cachesize 150
dnsmasq: compile time options: IPv6 GNU-getopt DBus i18n IDN DHCP DHCPv6 no-Lua TFTP conntrack ipset auth DNSSEC loop-detect inotify
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, IP range 10.5.5.50 -- 10.5.5.100, lease time 1h
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, sockets bound exclusively to interface enxa0cec8c012f8
dnsmasq: reading /etc/resolv.conf
dnsmasq: using nameserver 127.0.1.1#53
dnsmasq: read /etc/hosts - 10 addresses


You need to wait until you see something like:

dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPDISCOVER(enxa0cec8c012f8) [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPOFFER(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPREQUEST(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPACK(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr] os1-SerialNumXX

Now you're ready for business. Lets see what IP addgress its on (10.5.5.87). Lets ping it

ping 10.5.5.87

and we're good to go!

ROS Connection

Now that we have a connection over the network, lets view some data. After building your catkin workspace with this package, source the install space. Run


ros2 launch ros2_ouster os1_launch.py

Make sure to update your parameters file if you don't use the default IPs (10.5.5.1, 10.5.5.87). You may also use the .local version of your ouster lidar. To find your IPs, see the dnsmasq output or check with nmap -SP 10.5.5.*/24.

Now that your connection is up (hopefully), you can view this information in RViz. Open an RViz session and subscribe to the points, images, and IMU topics in the laser frame.

Have fun!

CONTRIBUTING

No CONTRIBUTING.md found.

Repository Summary

Checkout URI https://github.com/SteveMacenski/ros2_ouster_drivers.git
VCS Type git
VCS Version dashing-devel
Last Updated 2020-01-14
Dev Status MAINTAINED
CI status No Continuous Integration
Released RELEASED
Package Tags No category tags.
Contributing Help Wanted (0)
Good First Issues (0)
Pull Requests to Review (0)

Packages

Name Version
ouster_msgs 0.0.2
ros2_ouster 0.0.2

README

ROS2 Ouster Drivers

These are an implementation of ROS2 drivers for the Ouster OS-1 3D lidars. This includes all models of the OS-1 from 16 to 128 beams.

You can find a few videos looking over the sensor below. They both introduce the ROS1 driver but are extremely useful references regardless:

OS-1 Networking Setup OS-1 Data Overview
IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE IMAGE ALT TEXT HERE

I also happen to run a YouTube channel, Robots for Robots, focusing on robotics, sensors, and industry insights. If you like this work and want to hear about some other things I am working on, I'd appreciate if you watch, like, and subscribe!

Documentation

Documentation can be generated using Doxygen.

Run doxygen in the root of this repository. It will generate a /doc/* directory containing the documentation. Entrypoint in a browser is index.html.

Design

See design doc in design/* directory here.

ROS Interfaces

Topic Type Description
scan sensor_msgs/LaserScan 2D laser scan of the 0-angle ring
range_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the range values from the sensor
intensity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the Intensity values from the sensor
noise_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the noise values from the sensor
reflectivity_image sensor_msgs/Image Image of the reflectivity values from the sensor
points sensor_msgs/PointCloud2 3D Pointcloud generated from a 360 rotation
imu sensor_msgs/Imu IMU values at transmission rate
Service Type Description
reset std_srvs/Empty Reset the sensor's connection
GetMetadata ouster_msgs/GetMetadata Get information about the sensor
Parameter Type Description
lidar_ip String IP of lidar (ex. 10.5.5.87)
computer_ip String IP of computer to get data (ex. 10.5.5.1)
lidar_mode String Mode of data capture, default 512x10
imu_port int Port of IMU data, default 7503
lidar_port int Port of laser data, default 7502
sensor_frame String TF frame of sensor, default laser_sensor_frame
laser_frame String TF frame of laser data, default laser_data_frame
imu_frame String TF frame of imu data, default imu_data_frame

Note: TF will provide you the transformations from the sensor frame to each of the data frames.

Extensions

This package was intentionally designed for new capabilities to be added. Whether that being supporting new classes of Ouster lidars (OS1-custom, OS2, ...) or supporting new ways of processing the data packets.

Additional Lidar Processing

It can be imagined that if you have a stream of lidar or IMU packets, you may want to process them differently. If you're working with a high speed vehicle, you may want the packets projected into a pointcloud and published with little batching inside the driver. If you're working with pointclouds for machine learning, you may only want the pointcloud to include the XYZ information and not the intensity, reflectivity, and noise information to reduce dimensionality.

In any case, I provide a set of logical default processing implementations on the lidar and IMU packets. These are implementations of the ros2_ouster::DataProcessorInterface class in the interfaces directory. To create your own processor to change the pointcloud type, buffering methodology, or some new cool thing, you must create an implementation of a data processor.

After creating your implementation, that will take in a uint8_t * of a data packet and accomplish your task, you will need to create a factory method for it in processor_factories.hpp and add it to the list of processors to be created in the createProcessors method.

I encourage you to contribute back any new processor methods to this project! The default processors will buffer 1 full rotation of data of the pointcloud and publish the pointcloud with the X, Y, Z, range, intensity, reflectivity, ring, and noise information. It will also buffer a full rotation and publish the noise, intensity, and reflectivity images. Finally, it will publish the IMU data at transmission frequency.

Some examples: - If you wanted the points at transmission frequency to reduce aliasing - Different types of pointclouds published containing a subset or additional information. - If you wanted the information in another format (ei 1 data image with 3 channels of the range, intensity, and noise) - Downsample the data at a driver level to only take every Nth ring.

Additional Lidar Units

To create a new lidar for this driver, you only need to make an implementation of the ros2_ouster::SensorInterface class and include any required SDKs. Then, in the driver_types.hpp file, add your new interface as a template of the OusterDriver and you're good to go.

You may need to add an additional main method for the new templated program, depending if you're using components. If it uses another underlying SDK other than OS1 you will also need to create new processors for it as the processors are bound to a specific unit as the data formatting may be different. If they are the same, you can reuse the OS1 processors.

Lifecycle

This ROS2 driver makes use of Lifecycle nodes. If you're not familiar with lifecycle, or managed nodes, please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The lifecycle node allow for the driver to have a deterministic setup and tear down and is a new feature in ROS2. The launch script will need to use a lifecycle node launcher to transition into the active state to start processing data.

Component

This ROS2 driver makes use of Component nodes. If you're not familiar with component nodes please familiarize yourself with the ROS2 design document on it.

The component node allow for the driver and its processing nodes to be launched into the same process and is a new feature in ROS2. This allows the sensor and its data clients to operate without serialization or copying between nodes sharing a memory pool.

There's a little work in ROS2 Eloquent to launch a component-lifecycle node using only the roslaunch API. It may be necessary to include the Ouster driver in your lifecycle manager to transition into the active state when loading the driver into a process as a component.

Ouster Messages

A message Metadata was created to describe the metadata of the lidars. In addition the GetMetadata service type will be used to get the metadata from a running driver.

Setup and Networking

Ouster gives you some tools to set up a direct connection to the sensor from you computer. I'd argue these are a bit obtuse and they should really provide a set of scripts to set this up automatically as a daemon. However, since I am also using this as a development tool, I don't want this always running in the background on my machines so I provide the directions below to setup the network connection.

One time setup

These are bash commands in Linux to setup the connection. These steps only need to happen the first time you set up the laser. After the first time, when you establish the network connection to the sensor, you can just select this created network profile. Ensure the sensor is powered off and disconnected at this point.

The [eth name] is the nework interface you're connecting to. On older Linux systems, that's eth0 or similar. In newer versions, its enp... or enx... when you look at the output of ifconfig.

 ip addr flush dev [eth name]
 ip addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state DOWN .... Its only important that you see DOWN and not UP. Next, lets setup a static IP address for your machine so you can rely on this in the future. Ouster uses the 10.5.5.* range, and I don't see a compelling reason to argue with it.

sudo ip addr add 10.5.5.1/24 dev [eth name]


Now, lets setup the connection. At this point you may now plug in and power on your sensor.

sudo ip link set [eth name] up
sudo addr show dev [eth name]

The output you see from show should look something like [eth name] ... state UP .... Its only important that you see UP now and not DOWN. At this point, you've setup the networking needed for the one time setup.

Connection

We can setup the network connection to the sensor now with the proper settings. Note: This command could take up to 30 seconds to setup, be patient. If after a minute you see no results, then you probably have an issue. Start the instructions above over. Lets set up the network

sudo dnsmasq -C /dev/null -kd -F 10.5.5.50,10.5.5.100 -i [eth name] --bind-dynamic

Instantly you should see something similar to:

dnsmasq: started, version 2.75 cachesize 150
dnsmasq: compile time options: IPv6 GNU-getopt DBus i18n IDN DHCP DHCPv6 no-Lua TFTP conntrack ipset auth DNSSEC loop-detect inotify
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, IP range 10.5.5.50 -- 10.5.5.100, lease time 1h
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCP, sockets bound exclusively to interface enxa0cec8c012f8
dnsmasq: reading /etc/resolv.conf
dnsmasq: using nameserver 127.0.1.1#53
dnsmasq: read /etc/hosts - 10 addresses


You need to wait until you see something like:

dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPDISCOVER(enxa0cec8c012f8) [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPOFFER(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPREQUEST(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr]
dnsmasq-dhcp: DHCPACK(enxa0cec8c012f8) 10.5.5.87 [HWaddr] os1-SerialNumXX

Now you're ready for business. Lets see what IP addgress its on (10.5.5.87). Lets ping it

ping 10.5.5.87

and we're good to go!

ROS Connection

Now that we have a connection over the network, lets view some data. After building your catkin workspace with this package, source the install space. Run


ros2 launch ros2_ouster os1_launch.py

Make sure to update your parameters file if you don't use the default IPs (10.5.5.1, 10.5.5.87). You may also use the .local version of your ouster lidar. To find your IPs, see the dnsmasq output or check with nmap -SP 10.5.5.*/24.

Now that your connection is up (hopefully), you can view this information in RViz. Open an RViz session and subscribe to the points, images, and IMU topics in the laser frame.

Have fun!

CONTRIBUTING

No CONTRIBUTING.md found.